By: Cecily, Carter, Amanda, Taylor, Mason, Dylan, Jake
Where sikhism came from
Sikhism was born in the Punjab area of South Asia, which now falls into the present day states of India and Pakistan. The main religions of the area at the time were Hinduism and Islam.
The Sikh faith began around 1500 CE, when Guru Nanak began teaching a faith that was quite distinct from Hinduism and Islam.
Leader of Sikhism
Members of the religion believe in one God, much like Christianity or Islam.
The main belief is that all people are equal in the eyes of God. All men and all women are equal.
Basically, under the beliefs of Sikhism, all people are free and have the right to their own beliefs.
Sikhs do not follow fasting, worship of idols, and superstition. Sikhs strive to be teachers, fighters, and saints.
-Are sometimes clean shaven
-Eat sitting at tables, not on floor
-don't necessarily hold anything against Hindus or muslims
-will occasionally drink alcohol, smoke etc.
-Never cut hair or beards
-Dont like Muslims or Hindus
-Do not like the military
-Believe in one god
-Believe in the 10 Gurus
-Believe in the Reincarnation
-Frown upon pilgrimage, fasting,and the like
-Own a copy of the Guru Granth Sahib (holy book)
-Try to be kind, and believe everyone is equal
Belief in Deity
God reveals and manifests Himself through all in the universe, but no finite form can be worshipped as God, who is infinite. God chose to embody the Divine Light in the Guru Nanak and in nine gurus successively, and finally to the scriptures themselves, but none are to be worshipped as God(s).
Salvation is enlightenment, granted by God’s grace only, resulting in liberation from cycles of rebirth and the soul’s merger with God (the Supreme Soul or Guru) after death. Frequent prayer, mediation, and song in praise of God, adult baptism into the Khalsa brotherhood, good works (alms and free food kitchen), morality, and obeying God’s laws (divine words conveyed through 10 human Gurus) demonstrate devotion and purify the soul of impurities accumulated over many prior lifetimes and of the human vices of lust, anger, greed, attachment, and pride (or ego).
Rebirth occurs, but one is not destined to suffer under the law of karma. Suffering is not inflicted directly by God but is permitted by God as a test of courage and faith. Suffering is appreciated for the good that it often brings out in humanity, e.g. compassion. The faithful are most vulnerable to suffering at the hand of evildoers who challenge their faith. Suffering is seen as the remedy and pleasure the disease.
Abortion is a sin. Homosexuality is not addressed in scripture, but one source indicated that it is considered as part of one's karma, and subjects the person to psychic imbalance between female and male energies, which could lead to self-destructive behaviors. Gender equality is a stated position and is emphasized in practice. Remarriage of widows is permitted.