By: Lauren Pucci


HI, my name is Lauren Pucci. I am doing my research project on Poland. Poland's flag has a white stripe on the top and a red stripe on the bottom, pretty simple (if you look to the left you will see a picture of the flag.) The people that live there are called Poles. The White Eagle emblem originated when Poland's legendary founder Lech saw a white eagle's nest. When he looked at the bird, a ray of sunshine from the red setting sun fell on its wings, so they appeared tipped with gold, the rest of the eagle was pure white.


Located in Eastern Europe. Temperature are cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with winters with frequent precipitation. They have mild summers wit frequent showers and thunderstorms. Their main crops are potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat, poultry, eggs, pork, dairy. Some of the natural resources are coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land.


The main religions are Roman Catholic 89.8% , Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3%.

Their major holidays are:

  • New Year's' Day (January 1)
  • Easter Monday, Labor Day (May 1)
  • Constitution Day (May 3)
  • Pentecost (seven weeks after Easter Sunday)
  • Corpus Christi (the Thursday after Trinity Sunday)
  • Assumption, Polish Armed Forces Day (August 15)
  • All Saints' Day (November 1)
  • Christmas (December 25)
  • Boxing Day (December 26)


Karol Pollak is a famous inventor. He invented an electric motor and a color printing device, and a microphone.

Before World War II Józef Kosacki was a technician. Shortly before the war, he joined the clandestine Special Signals Unit, a secret institute that worked on electronic appliances for the army. These people both impacted Poland in a positive way.


Poland is a republic government which is a government ruled by the law and the people elect a president. Andrzej Duda was elected in 2015. Poland has had a total of 6 presidents, Duda being the 6th.


Poland has the best economy in Central Europe and the 6th largest in the EU.

When searching for work, there is a better chance of you finding a job if you speak Polish, they rarely ever speak English. But some of the jobs include machine building, food processing and beverages, chemicals, iron and steel, shipbuilding, glass, textiles, coal mining.

Polish money is called zloty (PLN) on the right is a picture of what it looks like. There are 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 zloty bills.

They are neither rich nor poor, they are a little but above average.

Style of Living

In Poland people go ice fishing, skating, camping, canoeing, biking by the lakeside, watching wild animals, sailing, watch fireworks, learn how to fly a plane, stunt flying, and horseback riding for fun. The sports playing are; football (soccer), motorcycle speedway, track & field, basketball, boxing, fencing, rugby union, field hockey, handball, ice hockey, swimming, volleyball, and weightlifting.

The foods eaten are bigos, kotlet schabowy, pierogi, gołąbki, sauerkraut, beetroot, cucumbers (gherkins), sour cream, kohlrabi, mushrooms, sausages and smoked sausage.

The languages spoken are Polish 97.8%, other and unspecified 2.2%.

My Outfit

The woman’s costume from Krakow, Poland includes a white blouse, a vest that is embroidered and beaded on front and back, a floral full skirt, an apron, a red coral bead necklace, and lace-up boots. Unmarried women and girls may wear a flower wreath with ribbons while married women wear a white kerchief on their head. Obviously i'm not married so I'm wearing a flower wreath with ribbons.


So, in conclusion Poland is a very nice country and has a lot of history. I hope you enjoyed this presentation. But before I end this off I'd like to share a few recipes from me "Treasures Polish Recipes For Americans" book. The recipes are below.

Recipe 1 (Pierogis)


2 eggs

1/2 cup water

2 cups flour

1/2 teaspoon salt

Mound flour on kneading board and make hole in center. Drop eggs into hole and cut into flour with knife. Add salt and water and knead until firm. Let rest for 10 minutes covered with a warm bowl. Divide dough in halves and roll thin. Cut circles with large biscuit cutter. Place a small spoonful of filling a little to one side on each round of dough. Moisten edge with water, fold over and pres edges together firmly. Be sure they are well sealed to prevent the filling from running out. Drop pierogi into salted boiling water. Cook gently for 3 to 5 minutes. Lift out of water carefully with perforated spoon.

Recipe 2 (Babka)


1/2 cup soft butter

1/2 cup sugar

4 egg yolks

1 cup milk, scalded

1 cake yeast

grated rind of 1 lemon

1/4 cup lukewarm water

4 cups flour

1 teaspoon salt

1 teaspoon cinnamon

1 cup white raisins

1 egg yolk, beaten

2 tablespoons water

1/4 cup chopped almonds

Mix butter ans sugar in large mixing bowl. Add salt to egg yolks and beat until thick. Add to sugar and butter mixture. Add yeast softened in 1/4 cup lukewarm water. Add lemon rind and cinnamon. Add flour alternately with milk and beat well to make smooth batter. Add raisins and knead with your hand until batter leaves the fingers. Let rise in warm place until double in bulk (about 1 1/2 hours). Punch down and let rise again until double in bulk. Better fluted tube pan generously, sprinkle with fine bread crumbs, and fill with dough. Brush with mixture made by beating 1 egg yolk with 2 tablespoons water. Sprinkle with almonds, let rise and bake 30 minutes in 350 degrees oven.