Nutrition!

concepts of nutrition

macronutrients

- 3 macronutrients are protein, fat and carbohydrates

- they are all essential for our body

- 45-65% of our calories should be carbohydrates (RDA -

- 10-35% of our calories should be protein

- 25-35% of our calories should be fats

examples of macronutrients

micronutrients

- micronutrients are vitamins and minerals

- required in small amounts

- micrograms per day

- fibre is also a micronutrient

healthy diet

information taken from the NHS website!!

common terminology

RDI- recommended daily intake- the healthy amount of food needed for healthy people in the UK.

RDA- recommended daily allowance- amount of nutrition's included in daily diet.

RNI- reference nutrient intake- the sufficient amount of nutrients needed for healthy people in the UK.

LRNI- lower reference nutrient intake- the sufficient amount of nutrient energy needed by 2.5% of population In the UK.

DRV- dietary reference value- estimated requirements for groups of people.

SI- safe intake- this is the correct amount of a certain food additive that you should b taking in.

optimum level- the level of nutrients you need in order to perform at your best.

DRI- dietary reference intake- these are the nutritional requirements.

EAR- estimated average requirement, this is the amount of energy a person needs to take in per day or week.