War of 1812
The war of 1812 is also known as Madison's War because James Madison was the first president to declare a war. There were many different causes to why we went to war. These included: The Napoleonic Wars, British Impressment, Chesapeake Incident and the Embargo Act of 1807. Also there were some congressmen considered to be "War Hawks" that wanted the United States to go to war with Britain.
About America in the War
America wasn't even ready to go to war when they did. The Military wasn't prepared, we were not financially stable, and there were many regional agreements. At the Hartford Convention The Treaty of Ghent was signed and ended the war. Neither side won.