By: John McDaniel

Hydroponics definition

hydroponics is the process of growing plants in sand, gravel, or liquid, with added nutrients but without soil.

Types of hydroponics systems

1. Drip systems = Water is pumped up from the reservoir through tubing to the top of the growing media from there it drips out of the tubing onto the growing media.

2. Water culture = The plant is actually suspended in baskets right above the nutrient solution in the reservoir usually by floating on top or through holes cut in the lid covering the reservoir the roots hang down from baskets the plants are in and hang down directly into the nutrient solution where they are submerged the roots remain submerged all the time 24/7 the roots don't suffocate because they get the air and oxygen they need from air bubbles rising through the nutrient solution as well as from dissolved oxygen in the water itself.

3. Wick systems = it basically just wicks up nutrient solution from the reservoir to the plants using the process of capillary action.

Plants you can plant








Harvesting is easier

You can grow year round

You can grow anywhere


Putting together a hydroponic system isn’t cheap

Production is limited compared to field conditions

Constant supervision is required

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