The Manhattan Project

Valeria Gil, Gina Loyola, MeCee Crutchfield

The Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II.

CAUSES

- Germany had made efforts of purifying uranium235, which could be used to build an atomic bomb; The US wanted to defeat Germany in building the first bomb.

- The United States wanted to avoid Germany having a military advantage over them

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CHARACTERISTICS

- People involved: Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, Enrico Fermi

- Received the code name "Manhattan Project" in order to keep the bomb a secret.

- Largest secret project to ever undertake in the US.

- It took 4 years to produce the bombs.

- The project had construction facilities in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Handford, and Washington.

- The Manhattan Project resulted into a $20 Billion project.

- The first bomb was dropped in Hiroshima, Japan on August 6th, 1945

- The second bomb was dropped in Nagasaki, Japan on August 9th, 1945

- After the bombings, Japan surrendered on August 15th, 1945

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SIGNIFICANCE

The Manhattan Project created the first atomic bomb. It put an end to WWII by using weapons of mass destruction that forced Japan to surrender. It also opened opportunities for the research of more powerful nuclear atomic bombs and the use of them in future wars or conflicts.

Citations

1. "The Manhattan Project." United States History. N.p., n.d. Web.

- http://www.ushistory.org/us/51f.asp

2. "The Manhattan Project." American Museum of Natural History. N.p., n.d. Web.

- http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/past-exhibitions/einstein/peace-and-war/the-manhattan-project