One of the most physically diverse countries in the world!

Introduction to Mexico

The Capital of Mexico

The Capital of Mexico is called Mexico City. It is located to the South of the United States and North of South America at 19°03′N 99°22′W.

Seasons of Mexico

The unique seasons of Mexico

Instead of the normal four seasons, (Spring, Summer, Fall, and Summer) Mexico has a dry and wet season. During the dry season, there is little rain and the air is warm and dry. During the wet season, the air is very hot and humid. When the earth tilts, sunrays are shown in different places. This shifts the tropical rain belt, creating either wet or dry seasons in the year.

Physical features of Mexico

Climate Types of Mexico

Biomes of Mexico

Tropical Rainforest

Tropical rainforests are very hot and humid throughout the entire year and are located near the equator. This is because the ecosystem has high temperatures and high rainfall.


Deserts are very dry, and has little rainfall. Animals living in deserts must store and conserve water because there is little water in these ecosystems.


Grasslands are flat areas of land with few trees. They have warm summers

and cool winters in which the grass dies back down to the roots protected under soil and sod.

Natural Disasters in Mexico

Hurricanes (Tropical Cyclones)

Warm and moist air rises. As the warm area rises, the surrounding air swirls in to take its place. As the warm and moist air cools off, clouds are created. The clouds and wind grows, creating a hurricane, or a tropical cyclone.


Large amounts of rainfall creates an abundance of water, causing a flood. Also, global warming melts ice. As the ice melts, more water is creating, causing the water level to rise.


When tectonic plates underneath the earth shifts, an earthquake occurs because of the underground trembles.


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4. "Teachers' Domain: Biomes." Teachers' Domain: Biomes. NASA's Earth Observatory, 2006. Web. 25 Apr. 2013.

5. "Tornadoes and Hurricanes." GeoTopics @ GeoNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013.

6. Williams, Paige. "Learn the Scientific Reasons behind Earth's Seasons." N.p., 19 Mar. 2013. Web. 25 Apr. 2013.