The Pineapple

Addison Ferry

The Pineapple

Description of plant:

  • A herbaceous perennial
  • 2.5-5 ft. tall with a spread of 3-4 ft
  • Has a short, stout stem with strap-like leaves

How and where it is grown:

  • The pineapple is native to southern Brazil, Paraguay, California, and Hawaii.
  • Planted in warm weather
  • well-drained sandy loam with a high organic content
  • Cannot stand water logging
  • Require a frost free environment
  • Planted outside during the summer months

Harvesting information:

  • Difficult to tell when the pineapple is ready to be harvested
  • By hand
  • Judge ripeness and quality by snapping a finger against side
  • Has a dull, solid sound
  • The fruit should be stored at 45° F or above

Top 5 producing states:

1. Philippines- 14%

2. Brazil- 13.5%

3. Costa Rica- 12.5%

4. Thailand- 12%

5. China- 10%

Pest Problems:

  • Mealybugs spread by ants
  • Make the plant weak and sticky
  • Controlling the ants will control the mealybugs
  • Nematodes, mites and beetles can also be damaging

5 Uses:

  1. Pineapple wine
  2. Relieves Nausea
  3. Helps burns as an anti-inflammatory agent
  4. Therapeutic uses
  5. Strong bones

2 Interesting Facts

  1. It takes almost 3 years for a single pineapple to reach maturation
  2. Can plant the top of the pineapple and soil and grow a new pineapple
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