HOW ANIMALS SURVIVE IN AFRICA

BY : LAUREN CIMORELLI

AFRICAN LEOPARD :)

Leopards are one of the most common cats in Africa, however, they are also the most reclusive and as such are difficult to spot, often blending in with their surroundings. They are nocturnal, most active at dusk and tend to hunt in the evenings and early mornings, which another reason why they are not seen often.


They can be found in most of sub-Saharan Africa. Their habitat is wide and they can be seen in semi-arid land, scrubland, Bush, savannahs, mountain lowland rainforests, riverine forest and rocky outcrops. They like to sun themselves on termite mounds or rocky outcrops.

Did u know ?

Four of the five fastest land animals live in Africa - The cheetah (70 mph), wildebeest, lion, and Thomson's gazelle (all about 50 mph).


The African elephant is the largest living land mammal. .



Elephants form deep family bonds and live in tight social units. A family is led by an older matriarch and typically includes three or four of her offspring and their young. Males tend to leave the family unit between the ages of 12 and 15 and may lead solitary adult lives.

PICS OF ANIMALS

How they get their food ?

How african lepords get their food :)

Leopards are generally most active between sunset and sunrise, and kill more prey at this time . They have a very broad diet . The known prey of leopards ranges from dung beetles to adult elands, which can reach 900 kg (2,000 lb). In sub-Saharan Africa, at least 92 prey species have been documented in their diet includingrodents, birds, small and large antelopes, hyraxes and hares, and arthropods.

how African elephants get their food

An elephant's trunk is actually a long nose used for smelling, breathing, trumpeting, drinking, and also for grabbing things—especially a potential meal. The trunk alone contains about 100,000 different muscles. African elephants have two fingerlike features on the end of their trunk that they can use to grab small items.

Zebra's

Related to the horse, a Burchell's Zebra is of stocky build with wide black and white stripes that run diagonally and lengthways on the rump and continue on to the belly, all the way down to hooves. The mane is upright and striped to match the neck. The tail is striped with a dark tassle. Zebra stripes are as individual as a human fingerprint.

Girrafs

The West African giraffe, Niger giraffe[1] or Nigerian giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta) is a subspecies of giraffe distinguished by its light colored spots, which is found in the Sahel regions of West Africa. In the 19th century it ranged from Senegal to Lake Chad,[2] yet in 2011 this subspecies only survives in a few isolated pockets containing about 310 individuals in total.[3] Its last self-sustaining herd is in southwest Niger, supported by a series of refuges in Dosso Region, and the tourist center at Kouré, some 80 km southeast of Niamey.[4][5] All captive supposed "West African giraffe" are now known to be Kordofan giraffe (G. c. antiquorum).[2]

websites used

  1. Wikapeidia ( african Lepords )
  2. Wikapeidia ( african elaphants )
  3. The Africa guide
  4. googleimages.com