Autism

By Trever Lima

Autism is a learning disorder that affects the brain.

Target Population

It affects males and females and is more common in males than females. It is typically diagnosed when young and can affect someone at any age. No particular race is affect by it.

Onset

There are two common types for the onset for autism. The first is when child won’t regularly talk and remember faces/voices. The second is when the child learns progressively learn for a year or two and then forget the skills they previously knew.

Diagnosis

There are two steps two the diagnosis


  • Developmental screening- a short test to see if the child is learning basic skills for the age group

  • comprehensive evaluation-“ looking at the child’s behavior and development and interviewing the parents. It may also include a hearing and vision screening, genetic testing, neurological testing, and other medical testing.”



Most people are diagnosed between ages one and three but signs usually are noticed before then due to autism developing before the person is born.

Signs and Symptoms

Possible signs as a young child are (when young)

  • doesn't often make meaningful eye contact and respond to familiar voices

  • may never speak

  • repeated play due to lack of imagination

  • clapping due to excitement or disappointment

  • arranging of crayons instead of using them

Treatment

Everyone with autism is different so treatment can differ. There is behavioral treatment and medicine. Also people with autism can also have sleeping troubles, seizures and gastrointestinal (GI) distress ( symptoms of gastrointestinal (GI) distress can be heartburn, indigestion problems, bloating and constipation) but there is no specific cure for autism.

Conections

My cousin has autism. I chose autism for my health topic because I want to learn more about the topic.
Autism Documentary, Autism; Another Way of Life

Bibliography

Neimark J. Autism: It's Not Just in the Head. Discover [serial online]. April 2007;28(4):32. Available from: Middle Search Plus, Ipswich, MA. Accessed February 2, 2016.

Shute N. A maddening disconnect. U.S. News & World Report [serial online]. June 5, 2000;128(22):54. Available from: Middle Search Plus, Ipswich, MA. Accessed February 2, 2016.

Rosenwald M. COMPASSION CURE. Popular Science [serial online]. March 2008;272(3):27. Available from: Middle Search Plus, Ipswich, MA. Accessed February 2, 2016.