Thomas Rousseau

Size of Country

Total Area: 1,564,116 sq km

Size Comparison to the World: 19th

Land: 1,553,556 sq km

Water: 10,560 sq km

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2,953,190 (July 2014 est.)

Comparison to the World: 139th

Top religions are Byddhist (53%), Muslim (3%), and Christian (2%).
38% are not religious.


Mongolia has a literacy rate of 97.4%. For comparison, America's is 99%.

There are very many different ethnic groups. Among them are the Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%,

Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)

Total Expectancy of time in school: 15 years

14 years for males

16 years for females

Current unemployment: 11.9%

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Military/Armed Forces

The Mongolian Armed Forces, and the Mongolian Army which includes Mongolian Air and Air Defense. The age for military service is 18-25, and conscript service is obligatory for at lease 12 months on any of the forces including the police. Mongolia has no Navy, as it has no coastlines or foreign naval ports.

Their rather small population and weak economy means that there isn't very much of their Gross Domestic Product spend on military (1.12%). They rank 92nd in the world for military expenditures.

Physical Features

Mongolia borders China and Russia. It has no coastline, and a large part of it can be considered to be a desert, semidesert, or steppe. Most of what you will find is long greasy plains with rolling hills, combined with more sandy areas and even dunes. There are mountains in the west and southwest, and the Gobi Desert lies in the central south.

Mongolia has little to no permanent sources of crops, and by extension, reliable food sources. Because of this it relies has heavily upon its neighbors. There are also problems that came with communist regimes and their heavy industrialization. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia's Capitol, has had problems with deforestation, and overgrazing, as well as heavy pollution caused by burning coal.

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Production in Economy

While Mongolia used to rely upon what little livestock and agriculture it had, very abundant mineral resources are being discovered. Copper, gold, coal, molybdenum, fluorspar, uranium, tin, and tungsten deposits, among others, have attracted foreign direct investment, further fueling Mongolia's economy.

At the height of soviet economical assistance the USSR saw Mongolia through a deep recession. When the USSR was dismantled, a third of Mongolia's GDP was instantly gone. Since the economy has recovered and is continuing t grow.

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