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Fitness Components

There are 2 kinds of fitness components:

  • Health
  • Skill

Components of Fitness


Health related components of fitness are the things you need to be healthy.

  • cardiovascular endurance
  • muscular endurance
  • muscular strength
  • body composition
  • flexibility


Skill related components of fitness are things that are not necessary to be healthy.

  • balance
  • coordination
  • speed
  • agility
  • reaction time
  • power

Cardiovascular Endurance(Health)

Cardiovascular Endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together during exercise.

You can improve it by playing many sports like soccer or basketball.

Muscular Endurance(Health)

Muscular Endurance is the ability to use muscles for a long period of time.

You can improve it by lifting light weights for a long time. Try to do it for more and more time.

Muscular Strength(Health)

Muscular Strength is the ability to exert a lot of force with a muscle fewer times.

You can improve it by lifting heavy weights. Try to lift heavier weights each time.

Body Composition(Health)

Body Composition is the ratio of body fat to other things in your body(i.e. organs, bones, or muscles).

BMI is a standard for how much body fat you should have if you are healthy based on your height and gender.

You can improve this by eating healthy.


Flexibility is the ability of joints to work in a full range of motion.

You can improve this by stretching.


Balance is the ability to maintain your equilibrium while stationary or moving.

You can improve this by ice skating.


Coordination is the ability to use more than one body part at once.

You can play an instrument like violin where one hand moves the bow and the other presses on the strings to create different notes.


Speed is the ability to move quickly in one direction.

You can improve this by sprinting a short distance.


Agility is the ability to change directions quickly.

You can improve this by running back and forth, changing directions, like an agility course.

Reaction Time(Skill)

Reaction Time is the ability to respond quickly once a signal to move is received.

You can improve this by playing games like whack-a-mole.