Owls

By Eilidh

What is an owl

An owl is a bird of prey that lives in woodlands, Grasslands, Forests, Deserts, and Cities. Owls are nocturnal meaning that they sleep at day time and hunt at night. Owls are carnivorous birds. They are about half the size of a cat. Their eyes can't move so they have to turn their heads right around in order to see.

How owls turn their heads 360 degrees

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The reason owls can turn their heads 360 degrees is, because they have fourteen bones around their neck and we only have seven so we can only turn our heads 180 degrees.

Owls have this skill, because they can't move their eyes, therefore it would be tricky for them to see things beside them or behind them without completely turning around.

Owl spinning head! SCARY!

species

There are many different types of owls in the world. There are 222 known species of owls around the world. Here is a list of some of them.

Barn owl

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This is the Barn owl. One of the many types of owl in the world. The barn owl grows to about 30cm - 36cm tall. They have a white heart-shaped face with big black eyes. They are mostly white with small black spots and some brown on there wings. They live in most parts of Australia and favour forests, woodland, grassland and farmland.

Barn owls eat small land mammals and sometimes lizards, birds and insects.

Barn owl audio

click here to listen to the sounds that barn owls make.

Powerful owl

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The powerful owl is quite a large owl. It's 50-60cm long and has a wingspan of 110-140cm. The male owls can weigh up to 2.2kg. For an owl the Powerful owl has a small head and a long tail. Their call is a loud two-part sound. Each sound lasts for about one second.

Powerful owls eat marsupials like possums and even sometimes rock-wallabies. They sometimes feed on big insects while flying.

Powerful owls live in south-eastern Australia.

Tawny frogmouth

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The tawny frogmouth is a medium sized owl. It has a wingspan of 75-95cm and it's 35-50cm long. The males weigh an average of 350g and the females weigh an average of 280g.

Unlike the powerful owl the Tawny frogmouth has a big head and a small tail.

They eat insects, frogs and mice.

Frogmouths aren't actually owls, but are mistaken for owls, because they are very similar to owls in appearance and behaviour.

Their call is a series of humming sounds. Each sound goes for half a second each.

Tawny frogmouths are found all over Australia.

Famous owls

Bibliography

The Owls Of Australia By Stephen Debus, Published in 2009 by Envirobook.

Photographic Field Guide Birds Of Australia By Jim Flegg, Published in 2002 by Reed New Holland.

Animal Neighbours Owl By Stephen Savage, Published in 2004 by Hodder Wayland.

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Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone By J.K Rowling, Published in 1997 By Bloomsbury.

Winnie The Pooh By Walt Disney, Released in 1977.