The Asiatic Lion

By: Karthik Kuchimanchi

Gir National Park

In 2010, the Indian government reported that 411 Asiatic lions were seen in Gir National Park in the state of Gujarat. Today, the lions are still in danger of extinction thanks to the lack of genetic diversity, lack of natural prey, and habitat decline. The lions live in a 560 square mile reserve. 97 adult males, 162 adult females, 75 sub-adults, and 77 cubs live in the reserve. Gir lies topography is made up rugged ridges, isolated hills, plateaus, and valleys. Gir also is the home for the rusty spotted cat, ruddy mongoose, civets, paradise flycatcher.

The picture in the left corner shows the position of Gir National Park in the state of Gujarat.

Did you Know?

About 60 to 70 percent of cubs die within the first year of their life.

Asiatic Lion's Physical Features

Asiatic lions tend to smaller than the African lions, there counterpart.Adult males typically weigh between 350 and 420 pounds, while adult females weigh between 240 and 365 pounds. The Asiatic lions mane has a relatively short, sparse mane, that causes the lion's ears are noticed easily. Just like African lions, Asiatic lions live in social units called prides, though the Asiatic's pride is smaller than the Africans' prides.The most commonly taken prey species in the Gir Forest is the chital deer, which weighs only around 110 pounds.
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As of May 2010 there is only 46 total Asiatic cubs in the world. At this rate, extinction of this species is all most definite when there is the next epidemic


The Asiatic Lion is the most endangered species in the world. There is only 250-300 lions in the world, all of them in the Gir National Forest. Conservationists hope that the authorities create the best possible plan to make sure the lions on still on the earth 15 - 20 years from now. In 2000, the lions statuses were upgraded from endangered to critically endangered. The Indian Government is trying its best to work with other organizations to keep these fascinating animals alive.

DId you know?

Asiatic lions have belly folds and distinctive tufts on elbow which are absent in their African counterparts