By Katherine Laws

Are you a client in need of a law firm? Laws is where you should be! This brochure will guide you through anything you need to know to have a smoother ride through your court case.

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Here's what you need to know about civil law, which refers to when an individual or group takes action opposing another individual or group:


A trial is what is held when a lawsuit is filed. It refers to a presentation before a court of people in which two teams of people present their sides of the story. At the end of the hearing, a judge or a jury will make a decision on how justice will be served.


A plaintiff is the individual or group in a civil case that files the lawsuit. They are generally not happy with what has happened, given that they are the ones that were physically harmed by the given situation.
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The defendant refers to the person or group that action is being taken against. Usually, they are the cause of the situation that occurred or had a large part in the initiation of it.

When it is time to take force against whatever situation has occurred, how does one go about filing a suit?


First, the plaintiff hires a lawyer. From there, the lawyer will file a complaint. A complaint is basically a formal document that states that a case is being brought to court.


Next, the court will send a summons to the defendant and all witnesses that are being called to request their presence at the court date. This also formally notifies the defendant that they are being sued.


A pleading is presented by both the plaintiff and the defendant. It refers to both the complaint and the answer together, when the sides exchange information in response to the accusation.

Pretrial Conference

The judge may request a pretrial conference, in which he summons both parties together before the case. The purpose of this is to settle any issues, clarify differences, and prepare the court for the trial.


This refers to a situation in which a third party or group helps settle and compromise an argument between the plaintiff and defendant.


Arbitration is when the third party hears the plaintiff and defendant, and then makes a final choice or decision that binds both parties.

Preponderance of Evidence

This is defined by the standard that is expected to be met by both the plaintiff and defendant. They must have a certain amount of legible, reasonable evidence supporting their opinion in order to be considered to win the case.


Finally, once the evidence has been presented, a verdict is made. This is the decision on the consequences that will be executed, made by the judge and/or the jury.


Once the trial is over, the plaintiff or defendant has the right to request an appeal, which means they would like a retrial at a higher court because they were not happy with the results of the case.

Congrats!! You are now much more prepared to go to court. Choose Laws Law Firm today to pursue your civil case.

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