Human Body Systems
Structures of The Digestive System
The Esophagus- The esophagus receives broken down food from the mouth and transports it to the stomach.
The Stomach- The stomach breaks down the food further through digestion. It secretes a strong acid that breaks down the food into a thick liquid.
The Small Intestine- Using enzymes the small intestine breaks down the food further and is responsible for absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream.
The Large Intestine- The large intestine absorbs the left over water and transports waste to the rectum once absorption is complete.
The Rectum- The rectum receives defecation from the colon.
The Pancreas- The pancreas secretes enzymes. These enzymes are responsible for the breakdown of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.
The Liver- The liver secretes bile which is a substance that processes the blood from the small intestine containing the nutrients from digested food.
The Gallbladder- The gallbladder absorbs the left over bile secreted from the liver.
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
Structures of The Circulatory System
The Route of Blood Through The Heart
Red Blood Cells- The red blood cells transport oxygen from the lungs to tissue and also transport carbon dioxide from the tissue to the lungs
White Blood Cells- White blood cells fight off sicknesses
Platelets- When your skin is cut the platelets for a scab to stop the bleeding.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Features of Alveoli
Movement of Gas
Active Immunity- The immunity that results from the production of antibodies.
Passive Immunity- The short term immunity from the introduction of antibodies.
Antigen- Antigens are any toxins that induce production of antibodies.
Antibody- A protein produced in blood made to fight off any alien sicknesses.
Effects of Antibiotics
Homeostasis in the Endocrine System
Type I Diabetes
Type II Diabetes
Structures of The Skeletal System
Ligaments- Ligaments connect one bone to another forming joints. They also keep the bones from moving in a direction which could damage a joint.
Muscles- Muscles contract and stretch to move other parts of the body.
Tendons- Tendons connect muscle to bone.
Nerves- Nerves transmit signals to the brain.
Responsible for the movement of bones.
Responsible for contraction of hollow organs.
Responsible for the contraction of the heart.
Central Nervous Syestem
Peripheral Nervous System
Diencephalon- The diencephalon is the area above the brain stem containing the thalamus, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, an the pineal gland.
Brain Stem- The brain stem regulates heart rate, breathing, sleeping, and eating.
Cerebellum- The cerebellum controls basic motor functions of the body.