Tonga!

Lexi Ingalls

Landforms

Tonga (also called the Friendly Islands) consists of some 150 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. Most of the islands contain active volcanic craters.

Climate

climate can be described as warm, tropical climate. Temperatures are warm all year round and can get hot in the summer, but seldom reaches above 35°C. Trade winds from the east southeast bring year long cooling breezes late afternoon and early evening.

Plants and animals

frigate birds, waders like the Pacific golden plover and Pacific black duck, swiftlets, Pacific swallows, the Tongan whistler (hengehenga), and blue-crowned lorikeets (henga). One unique species found in the islands is the famous peka or flying fox (fruit bats). Tonga’s flora and fauna represent a South Pacific environment that is unique as it is beautiful. A frangipani, bird of paradise and other flowers create oasis of colour among the coconut groves, pandanus and banana plantations. The lush rainforest, mudflats and the surrounding lagoons and reefs are home to a wealth of bird and marine life.

Natural resources

fish, mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.

History

Polynesians have lived on Tonga for at least 3,000 years. The Dutch were the first to explore the islands. British explorer James Cook landed on islands in 1773 and 1777 and named them the Friendly Islands. The current royal dynasty of Tonga was founded in 1831 by Taufa'ahau Tupou, who took the name George I. He consolidated the kingdom by conquest and in 1875 granted a constitution. In 1900, his great-grandson, George II, signed a treaty of friendship with Britain, and the country became a British protected state. The treaty was revised in 1959. Tonga became independent on June 4, 1970.

People

Women have the responsibilities of raising children, tending crops and household chores. Long distances must be walked to fetch water and wood for fuel. 50% of Zambia's population is 15 years and younger. Only a small percentage of children finish primary school due to the high cost of uniforms, books and the various school funds to which parents must contribute. Usually a woman will have between 6 and 12 children, and the cost of schooling them all is usually out of her reach. The Tonga people are warm and friendly. A greeting is always exchanged before any conversation. Gifts are often offered to a visitor as a sign of honor, friendship or gratitude. Gifts are received with both hands whilst expressing thanks and should never be refused. Like other African Tribes, the Tongas have time, whilst most westerners have watches!

Land use

This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: arable land - land cultivated for crops like wheat, maize, and rice that are replanted after each harvest; permanent crops - land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber that are not replanted after each harvest; includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber; other - any land not arable or under permanent crops; includes permanent meadows and pastures, forests and woodlands, built-on areas, roads, barren land, etc.


Religion

41% of the population of Tonga belonged to the free Wesleyan Church of tonga 16% are roman catholic & 14% are Christian


Customs

women must dress appropriately. If too much skin is shown then that means they come off as easy. Drinking alcohol comes off as being easy too. Men must dress well all the time. Never sloppy. Kissing in public is also a no no. They feel very offended if they see it. Tongan food is is made up of foods from the land and the sea. Tongan people are hunter and gatherers of land and sea.

Current issues

major issue is not having work. Most people leave because they don't have work