The War of 1812

By: Reid Comita

Causes of The War of 1812

The first cause of The War of 1812 was that British soldiers were stopping American ships and were taking the people of the American ships hostage and taking them to fight for the British navy. This was mostly because escaped British soldiers who did not like the harsh living conditions of their own navy escaped to join America. But where people drew the line was that British soldiers were taking American soldiers who were never British in the first place to fight for Britain. This made Thomas Jefferson very angry.


The second cause of The War of 1812 was that there was an alliance with the British and Native Americans. The Shawnee leader Tecumseh did not like the Americans coming onto their land because that land was where the Natives lived. This alliance did not play out well since Tecumseh sadly died in battle and the British left the Shawnee tribe to go to the White House to burn it.


The third cause of The War of 1812 was the westward expansion. People wanted to move west in an effort of manifest destiny. They wanted to expand more because the U.S.'s population was growing rapidly and it was beginning to become crowded. Only 5% lived west of the Appellation mountains. That soon changed.


The fourth cause of The War of 1812 was the War Hawkes. The War Hawkes were a group of three men who wanted to have war with Britan. They wanted the land but America had already signed a treaty sadly. Their names were Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and John C. Calhoun.

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Francis Scott Key

Francic Scott Key was an American poet and lawyer who was the person who wrote the U.S. National Anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner." He got inspiration to write the original poem when he saw the American flag still flying strongly over Fort McHenry. During the battle of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key was on a British ship negotiating the deal with a prisoner when he saw the flag and began to write the lyrics. One cool fact is that the original name of the song wasn't "The Star Spangled Banner" but the "Defense of Fort McHenry."

Effects of the War of 1812

The first effect was that after the war Americans felt more patriotic and it gave the U.S. a sense of national identity telling other nations that they were a force not to be reckoned with, and that they could hold their own against the British.


The second effect was that it weakened the Native Americans so that we could continue westward expansion without harm from the Native Americans. This was good because there was a large population increase.


The last effect was that U.S. manufacturing grew as The War of 1812 ended making inventions like the cotton gin. US manufacturing more and more goods made Americans believe in the stability of their country.