The American Revolution

By: Dylan Dankmyer

The Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773 in Boston, Massachusetts. The British Parliament decided to set a tax on tea in the 13 colonies. It was issued to help pay back war debt owed by Great Britain from the French and Indian War, also known as the 12 Years War. The 3 ships that were sent over with the tea were the Dartmouth, the Eleanor, and the Beaver. But a group of colonists led Samuel Addams told the governor of Massachusetts to send the tea back to England and he refused. So the group of colonists snuck onto the ships, dressed as Indians and threw $18,000 into the harbor.

Proclamation of 1763

At the end of the French and Indian War Great Britain issued a proclamation. It was used for England to gain better control over the colonies. The proclamation stated that all westward expansion further than the Appalachian Mountains was prohibited. It was in affect for all the colonists and the 13 colonies. It also prohibited any negotiations with Native Americans and said to leave that to Great Britain to handle.

First Continental Congress

The First Continental Congress started on September 5, 1774. It was a response to the British Parliaments issuing of the Coercive Acts on the American Colonies. The first meeting took place in Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia. 56 delegates from each colony except Georgia attended the meeting. They discussed and drafted a declaration of rights and grievances. Also they elected the first president of congress, Peyton Randolph of Virginia.

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5,1770. Colonists were causing problems and throwing snow balls and rocks at the British soldiers. To stop the colonists the soldiers fired and killed a total of 5 men. 9 people were convicted of manslaughter including Captain Thomas Preston. The Boston Massacre was one of the main reasons for the Patriotic revolt against Great Britain.

Lexington and Concord

The battles of Lexington and Concord happened on April 19, 1775. These battles were the first of the Revolutionary War. The British invaded a nearby Concord trying to seize an arms cache. But Paul Revere and a few other riders alarmed the colonists so they would be ready. The colonists won the battle by intense fire and drove the troops out and they retreated.

Battle of Saratoga

The battle of Saratoga had 2 battles which were on September 19 and October 7 of 1777. The first battle was a long battle that ended in a British victory. But both parties were highly damaged and tired from the gruesome battle. Again on October 7 Britain attacked the Americans thinking they were still injured and it would be an easy victory. Even though the colonists were still hurting they fought hard and made the British retreat resulting in an American victory. This battle is known as the turning point of the Revolutionary War.