Criminal Law

Michaela Schmidt

What is Criminal Law?

The U.S. justice system divided into two distinct braches, civil and criminal law.

The behavior of citizens in the United States is governed by state laws found in the state criminal codes and federal penal code. When a person commits a crime, he or she violeates one of these laws and criminal charges are filed.

Felony vs. Misdemeanor

Crimes are generally categorized as felonies or misdemeanors based on their nature and the maximum punishment that can be imposed.

Felony: Involves serious misconduct that is punishable by death or by imprisonment of over one year. Most state criminal laws subdivide felonies into classes with varying degrees of punishment. Examples are; murder, manslaughter, rape, fraud, roberry, etc.

Misdemeanors: Misdemeanor is a misconduct punishable by up to one year in prision and/or a fine. Examples are; traffic violations, petty theft, simple assault and battery, trespass and public intoxication.

Criminal Lawyers In Wisconsin

What does a criminal Lawyer Do?

Criminal layers help to defend persons and entities under investigation or accused of a crime. Under the United States Consitutition, defendants are innocent until proven guilty. A criminal lawyer investigates the case and helps idenify ways to introduce doubt into the question of a defendant's guilt. Based on the facts and evidence, the lawyers will develop a strategy, build a case and identify defenses to help prove the client's innocence or mitigate his sentence.