Sports and Exercise

How does it affect our respiratory and skeletal systems?

Effects on Skeletal System

Physical Activity becomes more important for your muscles, joints, and bones as you age. Building up muscle, joint and bone strength as a kid is important to the body's health. Sports is a great way to make physical activity and exercise fun. There are numerous benefits of playing sports, however there can be risks involved.

Benefits of Physical Activity

Sports and exercise help kids lower their risk of chronic pain in their future. People who are 65 or older use exercise to keep them healthy. Sports greatly reduce the risk of falling by building balance and flexibility. This is very important considering the fact that for those who are 65 and older, falling can result in death. The majority of the population over 65 that do not exercise regularly have an increased risk for lower back pain, specifically when they have to do unfamiliar or strenuous activities such as moving heavy objects, shoveling, and digging.

Risks of Sports and Exercise

Even though sports and exercise helps you stay healthy and prevents chronic conditions during old age, there is always a risk involved with physical activities. The risk increases as the amount of intensity increases, especially with physical contact sports. Every year, more than 700,000 kids from the age of 11-15 visit the emergency room for sports related injuries, this accounts for 55% of all sports related injuries per year that require hospitalization. However, more than half of all these injuries are preventable.

How to Prevent Injury

  • Knowing all and abiding by the rules of the game.
  • Get in shape to play the sport.
  • Stretch and do a warm up before and cool down after your sport.
  • Always be hydrated.
  • Stay within your limits and don't overtrain.
Does Stretching/Warming Up Actually Help?

Effects on the Respiratory System

Working out is a great way to boost your health in the respiratory system. If you regularly exercise it will increase to the maximum oxygen capacity in the lungs. Their CO2 levels also increase slightly with a lighter exercise. Physical activity also helps deliver blood to all organs. In the beginning of an exercise due to oxygen deficiency, lactic acid can be built up.
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Asthma and Exercise

Asthma occurs in an estimated 5.5 million american teens. Asthma in children to teens usually is from exercise, and poor Pollen- Air quality. Exercise induced asthma is very popular in active teens. Exercise induced asthma will start 5 to 10 minutes into an exercise and could return back hours after the activity. If you are heavy-weighted you will think you are receiving the oxygen you need when your exercising, you will shortly notice that you are breathing heavily or having a shortness of breath. There has been a recent study in New York City that shows 14% of teens who live in the city have asthma due to poor air quality. As you age the body is much more prepared for an asthma attack. The airways of the body are mature and are able to handle inflammation. Even though exercise can trigger asthma for some patients, they can use running to improve lung health. Running will strengthen the muscles you use to breath such as your diaphragm.
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Diet needs to be healthy to control inflammation!

Foods that feed the yeast in your body can stress the body. Chocolate and fast food are a major part to cause inflammation in the body. A diet that includes vegetables and fruits will control the yeast in the body.
Exercise and Asthma (Asthma #5)

Help

Although there are many medications such as and inhaler and nebulizer which both can control breathing, studies have shown that yoga, meditation, and acupuncture can also reduce mucus build up i the lungs. If it doesn't help with asthma it does reduce stress on the body.

Vocabulary Words

Musculoskeletal system: the combination of the muscular and skeletal systems working together and includes the bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments of the body.


Nebulizer: A device that turns liquid forms of medicine into a fine spray that can be inhaled.


Lung Inflammation: Inflammation is an essential component of many lung diseases, including asthma, COPD, lung cancer, and granulomatous lung diseases.

The Answer

All in all, sports and exercise affect our skeletal and respiratory systems in positive and negative ways. It helps us stay healthy as we age and prevent countless conditions and diseases, especially relating to our skeletons. Physical activity can also help America's growing problem of obesity. Eliminating obesity would improve the entire condition of your body, not only the respiratory and skeletal system.

Works Cited

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Carpenter, Poppy. "How Does Running Help Your Respiratory System?" Healthy Living. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.

"Effects of Physical Exercise on the Respiratory System." Effects of Physical Exercise on the Respiratory System. Normalbreathing.com, n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.

"Exercise's Effects on Bones and Muscles." The New York Times. A.D.A.M., Inc, n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 15.

"For Parents of Children With Asthma - American Lung Association." For Parents of Children with Asthma. American Lung Association, n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.

Hoefs, Jeremy. "Response of the Respiratory System to Exercise." LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 28 Jan. 2015. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.

"How Does Playing Sports Affect Your Health?" LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 19 Aug. 2013. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

"The Musculoskeletal System." PT Direct: Tools for Personal Training Success. PT Direct, n.d. Web.

"Nebulizer." TheFreeDictionary.com. The Gale Group Inc., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.

"Respiratory Inflammation & Immunology - Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute." Respiratory Inflammation & Immunology - Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute. Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.

Society, American Thoracic. Patient InformationSeries: Asthma and Exercise for Children and Adults (n.d.): n. pag. Asthma and Exercise 2007. American Thoracic Society. Web. 14 Mar. 15.