MACHU PICCHU

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What is Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca site located on a ridge between the Huayna Picchu and Machu Picchu mountains in Peru. It sits 7,970 feet (2,430 meters) above sea level on the eastern slope of the Andes

HISTORY OF MACHU PICCHU

Historians believe Machu Picchu was built at the height of the Inca Empire, which dominated western South America in the 15th and 16th centuries. It was abandoned an estimated 100 years after its construction, probably around the time the Spanish began their conquest in the 1530s. There is no evidence that the conquistadors ever attacked or even reached the mountaintop city, however; for this reason, some have suggested that the residents’ desertion occurred because of a smallpox epidemic.

WHAT MAKES MACHU PICCHU MAGICAL

TEMPLE OF THE SUN

Close to the city summit, this spectacular landmark is a work of art. it is made using dry-fitted stonework, it offers a striking silhouette, especially from the stone staircase in the sites main plaza. In the center, you will see a rock with a straight edge. During the summer solstice, the edge of the rock aligns with the light streaming through the temple window. The Royal Tomb is located just below this site.

Temple of the Three Windows

Located on the Sacred Plaza, this temple and the one beside it were most likely used for religious observances. Windows are placed to capture the suns rays at specific times of the year, and probably played a role in maintaining the Incan calendar.

District of the Sun

This site marks the location of Machu Picchus primary bathhouse, with fountains that are supplied by underground conduits linked to a spring about 1km away.