By: Stephanie Peller
2. Website: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews URL:http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.unwsp.edu/ehost/detail/detail?vid=2&sid=640bd105-94dd-49fd-81c3-324d283d959c%40sessionmgr198&hid=127&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=chh&AN=CD007044&anchor=ID0E1CAC
3. Website: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Definitions and Word Analysis
hyper (P): excessive
calci (R): calcium
-uria (S): urine
ur/o (CF): urination
lith (R): stone
-ia (S): condition
-sis (S): state of, condition
Nephrolithiasis: commonly called kidney stones
Nephr/o (CF): kidney
lith (R): stone, calculus
-iasis (S): condition
Nephrology: the study of the kidney
Nephr/o (CF): kidney
-logy (S): study of
Lithotripsy: the crushing of stones with a medical device
Lith/o (CF): stone
-tripsy (S): crushing
There are many treatment options including minimally invasive techniques and open surgery.Some techniques include ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy, surgical removal, PUL (Percutaneous Ultrasonic Lithotripsy) or drinking a lot of water and waiting for them to pass. There are medications that help to prevent it in the future.
Patients all around the world suffer from kidney stones regardless of their race, ethnicity, location, or age. Men ages 40-60 are the most affected by kidney stones. Once someone is diagnosed with kidney stones, their chances of getting them again increase significantly. About half of the people that get kidney stones get them again within the next ten years.
Srisubat, Attasit. 2014. "Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) or retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for kidney stones." Cochrane Database Of Systematic Reviews no. 11: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EBSCOhost (accessed March 17, 2016).
Phillips, Rebecca. 2015. "Citrate salts for preventing and treating calcium containing kidney stones in adults." Cochrane Database Of Systematic Reviews no. 10: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EBSCOhost (accessed March 17, 2016).