Health Disparities

Ethnic Groups & Religions

Cultural Humility

In order to better care for patients from different cultures, backgrounds and religions a nurse should practice cultural humility. To do this:

  • Sit down with the patient
  • Suspend your beliefs and try to understand their perspectives
  • Learn from the patient
  • Learn to respect differences

Reserve Collection

The library has the following books on Reserve that covers many ethnic groups.

RES-NUR RA418.5.T73 D39 2014

Cultural competencies for nurses: Impact on health and illness

Includes: African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Asians/Pacific Islanders, Native Americans, Whites (non-Hispanics), Muslims and Hindus.

RES-NUR RT86.54 .G35 2015

Caring for patients from different cultures

Includes: African Americans, Anglo-Americans, Asians, Hispanics/Latinos, Middle Easterners, Native Americans, Russians, South Asians, Southeast Asians and others.


Encyclopedias give an introduction to your topic.

Search these online encyclopedias for background information on your group.

  • Credo This database is a collection of encyclopedias and reference sources. Type in your ethnic or religious group in the search box. You may also limit the search to "Health & Medicine" under the Subject tab.


Use Insignia, our catalog, to find books on your group.

Use the following keyword searches with your group.

For example:

Culture and Amish

  • Culture and _____
  • Religion and ______
  • Health and _____
  • Health beliefs and _____
  • Healthcare and ______
  • Health care and _______
  • Healthcare beliefs and _______
  • Heath care beliefs and ______
  • Nursing and ______
  • Ethnic group or religion as a keyword

Use the subject heading:

  • Transcultural nursing
  • Ethnic group or religion as a subject

If you need help in searching Insignia, ask a librarian!

A sample of books & eBooks from the library's collection that may be helpful

ebook RA418.5 .T73 CUL 2014

Cultural competence in health education and health promotion

ebook RA418.5 .T73 K47 2019

Delivering culturally competent nursing care: Working with diverse and vulnerable populations

ebook RA418.5 .T73 P87 2019

Handbook for culturally competent care

ebook RA418.5 .T73 T73 2013
Transcultural health care: A culturally competent approach

ebook RA564.9 .H65 H42 2014

Health care disparities and the LGBT population

ebook RT41 .T39 2019

Fast facts about religion for nurses: Implications for nursing care

ebook RT62 .P37 2018

Culturally competent compassion

ebook RT86.54 .G35 2015

Caring for patients from different cultures

BL65 .M4 W67 2010
World religions for healthcare professionals

BL85 .M4 B69 2008

Fast facts: Religion and medicine

RA418 .B64 2013

Culture in clinical care: Strategies for competence

RA418.5 .T73 C765 2003
Cross-cultural medicine

RA418.5 .T73 K45 2004

Refugee and immigrant health: A handbook for health professionals

RA418.5 .T73 P87 2014
Guide to culturally competent health care

RA418.7 .T73 P87 2019

Handbook for culturally competent care

RA418.5 .T73 R58 2017

Multicultural health

RA418.5 .T73 S23 2015
What language does your patient hurt in?: A practical guide to culturally competent patient care

RA418.5 .T73 S64 2017
Cultural diversity in health and illness

RA418.5 .T73 T73 2013
Transcultural health care: A culturally competent approach

RA418.5 .T73 Y44 2005
Health matters: A pocket guide to working with diverse cultures and underserved populations

RA427.8 .H497515 2015
Health promotion in multicultural populations: A handbook for practitioners and students

RA564.8 .D67 2009
Doorway thoughts: cross-cultural health care for older adults, volume 2

RT41 .T39 2019

Fast Facts about religion for nurses: Implications for patient care

RT41 .T54 2016
Fundamental nursing skills and concepts

Many general nursing books will have some information on cultural, ethnic or religious groups. Browse around the call number area of RT41.

RT85.2 .R455 2012

Religion: A clinical guide for nurses

RT86.54 .A53 2016

Transcultural concepts in nursing care

RT86.54 .A53 2020

Transcultural concepts in nursing care

RT86.54 .T73 2017

Transcultural nursing: Assessment and intervention

TX357 .K58 2008

Food and culture

Has health beliefs and practices for several ethnic groups. Information ranges from a paragraph to two pages in length.

TX357 .K58 2012

Food and culture

Has health beliefs and practices for several ethnic groups. Information ranges from a paragraph to two pages in length.

Selecting Journal Databases for articles

Visit the Nursing page of the library.

Listed here are various databases for nursing. The largest database is CINAHL Complete, followed by ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health. But the other listed databases should be consulted.

(If you are working from off-campus, all databases will request your login information. This is the same combination of username/password that you use to log onto the computers on campus.)

Search Journal Databases

CINAHL Complete: Search

  • Use "Cultural Values" as an Exact Subject Heading (MH) AND
  • Ethnic or religious group

  • Use "Health beliefs" as an Exact Subject Heading (MH) AND
  • Ethnic or religious group


Big picture

For all database searches

Other keywords may be used along with the name of the ethnic or religious group:

  • culture
  • transcultural nursing
  • transcultural care
  • cultural diversity
  • cultural sensitivity
  • cultural values
  • cultural beliefs
  • cultural values and beliefs
  • nurse-patient relationship
  • nursing practices
  • nursing care
  • nursing
  • health beliefs
  • medicine

When searching the databases you may need to limit your search according to the assignment:

  • Peer-reviewed articles
  • Evidence-based practice articles
  • Within the last five years

If you don't know how to limit your searching, ask a librarian!

Search the Web

To search the web, try these search strategies:

For example:

greek nursing considerations

  • ______ nursing considerations
  • "Cultural implications for nursing care of the _____"
  • ______ cultural health practices
  • ______ cultural health practices and beliefs
  • ______ culture and healthcare practices
  • ______ culture care
  • ______ health beliefs
  • ______ health practices
  • ______ health beliefs and practices
  • ______ culture values
  • ______ cultural values
  • ______ beliefs
  • ______ healthcare
  • ______ traditions

Useful Websites

There are many websites that discuss the importance of cultural understanding regarding healthcare. The websites listed below contain several different cultures and religions. For websites that pertain only to one culture or religion, use the tips listed in the section above: "Search the Web".

Caring Across Cultures and Belief Systems

Includes: African American Christians, African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AME Zion), Amish, Baptist, Buddhism, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Episcopalian, Greek Orthodox, Hinduism, Hispanic, Humanism, Indian

Islam, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Judaism, Korean, Non-Denominational Christian (Elim Christian Fellowship), Pentecostal, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Unitarian Universalist and Vietnamese.

Caring for Patients of Different Religions

Includes: Buddhist, Catholic, Christian Scientist, Hindu, Jehovah’s Witness, Jewish, Mormon, Muslim, Protestant and Scientologist patients.

Cleveland Clinic Diversity Toolkit

Includes: Aboriginal, African, African American, Albanian, Amish, Armenian, Austrian

Baha’I, Baptist, Bisexual, Bosnian/Serbian/Slovenian/Croatian, Buddhist, Burmese

Burmese (Karen), Canadian, Catholic, Catholic Orthodox, Chinese, Cuban, Czech and Slovakian, Danish, Dominican, Dutch, East Indian, Episcopalian, Filipino, French, Gay, German, Greek, Haitian, Hare Krishna, Hawaiian, Hindu, Hungarian, Irish, Islamic/Arabic, Italian, Jain, Jamaican, Japanese, Jehovah’s Witness, Korean, Lebanese, Lesbian, Mexican, Mormon, Nepalese, Norwegian, Orthodox Jewish, Pakistani, Panamanian, Polish, Puerto Rican, Rastafarian, Reformed Jewish, Romanian, Russian, Scientologist, Scottish, Shinto, Somali, Swedish, Thai, Transgender, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Wiccan and Zoroastrian

Cultural Traditions and Healthcare Beliefs of Some Older Adults

Includes: Arab, Muslim, Chinese, East Indian, Filipino, Korean and Vietnamese.

Culture Care Connections- Stratis Health

The focus is on Minnesota, but the information can be used for insight into the ethnic groups listed. The site includes: African Americans, American Indians, Asian Indians, Bhutanese, Cambodians, Ethiopians, European Americans, Hispanic/Latinos, Hmongs, Iraqis, Karen, Liberians, Mexican Americans, Russians, Somalians and Vietnamese.

Culture Guide

Includes: Afghan, Bosnian, Burmese, Burundian, Cambodian, Chinese, Cuban, Ethiopian & Eritrean, Hmong, Iranian, Iraqi, Korean, Kurdish, Laotian, Liberian, Mexican, Russian, Somali, Somali Bantu Sudanese, Ukrainian and Vietnamese cultures.


Includes: Austrian, Bhutanese, Chinese, Croatian, Dutch, Fijian, Finnish, German, Greek, Indonesian, Lao, Papua New Guinean, Filipino, Polish, Russian, Samoan, Swiss, Tokelauan and Vietnamese.


Click on "Cultures" for a drop down menu of the cultures. This site includes: Cambodian, Chin, Chinese, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Hispanic/Latino, Hmong, Iraqi, Karen, Nepali-speaking Bhutanese, Oromo, Somali, Vietnamese, and other cultures and religions.

Guide to Religion and Culture in Healthcare

Includes: Adventist, Seventh‐Day, African‐American, American Indian/Native American, Amish (Anabaptists), Arab American, Baptist, Brazilian, Buddhism, Chinese American, Church of Christ, Scientist, Colombians, Cuban, Dominican, East Indian, Episcopalian, European‐ American, Filipino, Gypsy (Roma), Haitian, Hinduism, Islam (Muslim), Jamaican/West Indian, Japanese American, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Judaism, Korean American, Lutheran, Mennonite (Anabaptists), Methodist, United, Mexican, Mormons/Church of Jesus Christ of Latter‐day Saints, Pentecostal/Assemblies of God, Presbyterian, Puerto Rican, Roman Catholic, Sikhism, Unitarian and Vietnamese American.

Handbook of Patients’ Spiritual and Cultural Values for Health Care Professionals

The Handbook includes: Includes: African-American/ Black, Arab, Bahá'í, Buddhism, Chinese, Christian Science, Cuban, East Indian, Eastern Orthodox, Egyptian, Filipino, Ghanaian, Gypsy/ Roma, Haitian, Hawaiian spirituality, Hinduism, Hispanic-American, Indonesian, Iranian, Islam (Muslim) Sunni vs. Shiite, Jamaican, Japanese, Jehovah’s Witness, Judaism, Kenyan, Korean, Libyan, Mormonism, Native American, Native Hawaiian, Protestantism, Rastafarian Movement, Roman Catholicism, Russian, Santeria, Seventh-day Adventism, Sikhism, South African, Tibetan, Vietnamese, Voodoo and Wicca.

OMH: Minority Population Profiles

Includes: Black/African Americans, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders.

Population Groups: MedlinePlus (US National Medical Library)

Covers African, Asian, Hispanic, LGBT, Native and Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander Americans. Has an overview of health disparities in America.

Quick Guide to Cultures and Spiritual Traditions

Cultures start on page 38. Includes: African/Black American Culture, Arab American Culture, Bahai Spirituality, Buddhist Spirituality, Catholic Spirituality, Chinese American Culture, Christian Science Spirituality, East Indian Culture, Gypsy Culture, Hindu Spirituality, Hispanic American Culture, Iranian Culture, Japanese American Culture, Jehovah Witness Spirituality, Jewish Spirituality, Korean Culture, Mormon (Latter Day Saints) Spirituality, Muslim (Islam) Spirituality, Native American Culture, Native American Spirituality, Protestant Spirituality, Russian Culture, Seventh Day Adventist Spirituality, Sikh Spirituality Somali Culture, Vietnamese Culture and Wicca Spirituality.

Religious Aspects of Nursing Care

Includes several world religions. Anglican Church Of Canada, Baha'i, Baptist, Buddhism, Cao Dai, Christian And Missionary Alliance, Christian Science, Christianity, Church Of Christ, Church Of God International, Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons), Confucianism, Coptic Orthodox Doukhobors, Eastern Orthodox, First Nations, Four Square Gospel, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Jehovah's Witnesses, Judaism, Lutheran, Mennonite, Methodist, Pentecostal Assemblies, Presbyterian, Quakers, Rastafarianism, Roman Catholic, Salvation Army, Seventh Day Adventists, Shintoism, Sikhism, Taoism, Unitarian, United Church Of Canada and Zoroastrianism.

Religious Beliefs & Health Care Decisions

Includes: 7th-Day Adventists, Buddhists, Christian Scientists, Hindus, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Lutherans, Mormons (LDS), Muslims, Native Americans, Protestants, Roman Catholics, Sikhs, Zoroastrians and others.

Religious Diversity: Practical Points for Health Care Providers

From PennMedicine (University of Pennsylvania). Includes: Buddhist, Catholic, Hindu, Jehovah’s Witness, Jewish, Muslim and Pentecostal religions.

Traditional Asian Health Beliefs & Healing Practices

Includes: Chinese, Japanese, Tibetan and Vietnamese traditions.

Understanding Cultural Diversity in Healthcare

Includes: African American, Anglo American, Asian, Hispanic/Latino, Middle Eastern, Native American, Russian, South Asian and Southeast Asian

Always ask a librarian if you are not finding the information you are seeking!
Updated June 2021