Dunes and Maritime Forests

Holly DeRosa

Introduction ~

The Dunes and Maritime Forests is a wooded habitat near the coast. They are sandy, and included on some barrier islands. They are within the range of salt spray, and it provides a harsh environment for animals and plants. Most plants have a waxy coating that protects against salt spray and sand. Dunes and Maritime forests are spread throughout Florida, as well as some other Eastern regions.

Biotic Factors ~

Biotic :


Fauna ~


  • Loggerhead Turtle
  • Snow Plover (endangered)
  • Black Skimmer
  • Brown Pelican
  • Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake ~

    Domain: Eukaryote
    Kingdom: Animalia

    Phylum: Chordata

    Subphylum: Vertebrata

    Class: Reptila

    Order: Squamata

    Suborder: Serpentes

    Family: Viperidae

    Subfamily: Crotalinae

    Genus: Crotalus

    Species: C. adamanteus


Flora ~


  • Hackberry
  • Beach Sunflower
  • Barnacle
  • Cabbage Palm
  • Eastern gray squirrel
  • Gumbo Limbo
  • Jamaican Dogwood

Animals and Plants ~

Abiotic Factors ~

Abiotic :

  • Wind and wave driven sand work together to create dunes
  • Sun ( usually shady due to trees )
  • Waves ( works with sand and wind to create dunes
  • Wind ( creates dunes with sand and waves)
  • Coastal Ecosystem
  • Tends to be humid due to ocean
  • Saltwater
  • Sand



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Human Impacts ~

Positive :
  • ecotourism


Negative :

  • Beach Development
  • Sand mining
  • Garbage found in dunes/ocean/forest
  • Brazilian Peppertree

Water ~

Water is one of the most important factors in this ecosysytem's Without water, there would be no dunes. The water (waves) are a huge contributor to the making of dunes. As well as that, many of the plants in this ecosytem live on the beach, and would not survive without the waves. The maritime forests would not thrive, as they are right outside of the dunes, and require the water. Most of the animals could not live here, as it would be almost inabitable. With no water, they would die from dehydration and would not be able to bathe themselves.

Endangered Species ~ Snow Plover

The snow plover is an endangered species that lives on the gulf coast of Florida. This bird eats worms and insects. Although once a very populous bird, due to coastlines being developed, there have been destructions of nests and habitats. The snowy plover is seen worldwide, but the species largest population is seen in Florida, and Louisiana.
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