How the Federal Court works
By: Patrick Amaro
Each District Court has magistrate judges who do much of the judge's routine work
Courts of Appeals
This is known as Appellate Jurisdiction- authority hears the case appealed by a lower court
Appeal Courts rule only whether the original trial was fair and protected the person's rights
One appellate judge writes an opinion that explains the legal thinking behind the court's decision in the case
The three types of opinions in the Supreme Court are uphold, overturn, and remand. Uphold means to maintain the decision the way it was already was. Overturn means that the decision will. Remand an opinion means that the Supreme Court sends the opinion back to the lower court to be tried again.
The opinion sets a precedent- model for other judges to follow in making their own decisions on similar cases
Each of the 12 US Courts or Appeals covers a particular geographic area called a circuit
US Attorneys and Marshalls
US Marshalls make arrests, collects fines and take convicted people to prison.