Tropical RainForest!

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Tropical rainforest biomes are found in the lower latitudes. The temperature is generally around 80 degrees. There is very high humidity too – from 77% to 88%. There isn’t a big change in seasons like there are with many other biomes. Instead, this is what you can expect day after day. It will rain just about every day due to the high humidity. That humidity mixes with the heat to create cumulus clouds. For millions of years it has been this way in this particular biome. In a tropical rainforest, they are very dense and very wet all the time. In fact, it is typical for it to rain every single day. The amount of rain per day though can vary. The location of the tropical rainforest is around the equator. They are primarily found within the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. You will find tropical rainforest biomes in Australia, the Southeast of Asia, the Southern portion if India, and South America.

You may not be aware that a tropical rainforest can be found in many different types of terrain. This includes mountains, plains, and river valleys. The amount of rainfall that each gets as well as the temperatures there are the main differences. There is also a big difference regarding the types of plants and animals that live there. The largest rainforest in the world is the Amazon Rainforest found in South America.

The climate of a Tropical Rain Forest

The tropical rain forest is a very wet environment, as you hear from the name that contains "rain". The total rainfall for the year is between 1500 and 2500 mm. There is no dry season. Rain falls nearly every day. The temperature during the day is around 30ºC - 35ºC. At night it drops to between 20ºC - 25ºC. There is a little difference between the warmest and the coolest months. The relative humidity is always high. This type of climate in the tropical rain forest is known as equatorial climate.

Average Temperature of a Tropical Rain Forest

The tropical rain forest is a forest of tall trees in a region of year-round warmth. An average of 50 to 260 inches (125 to 660 cm.) of rain falls yearly.

Amount of Rainfall

In an average year in a tropical rainforest, the climate is very humid do to all of the rain which amounts to about 250cm per year.
Tree and plant life in the jungle - David Attenborough - BBC wildlife

Tropical rainforest plants

Some canopy trees grow over to over 100 metres high. Many have fruit that provides food for animals and people. Many rainforest plants are gathered for food or medicines. This is done without harming the rainforest.

Many 'every day' foods originated in rainforests, including tomatoes, peppers, corn, rice, coconut, banana, coffee, cocoa, cassava (tapioca), beans and sweet potatoes.

Tropical rainforest: Plant Adaptations

In order to survive in the hot, wet tropics, plants of the tropical rainforest have had to develop special features. This is called adaptation.

Because the weather is hot and wet, trees do not need thick bark to slow down moisture loss and have instead thin, smooth bark.

The layers of rainforest are connected by vines and ferns, and mosses grow on the trees. Liana is a climbing vine that grows on rainforest trees, climbing into the canopy so its leaves get more sunlight.

Tropical Rainforest [Biome]