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You may not be aware that a tropical rainforest can be found in many different types of terrain. This includes mountains, plains, and river valleys. The amount of rainfall that each gets as well as the temperatures there are the main differences. There is also a big difference regarding the types of plants and animals that live there. The largest rainforest in the world is the Amazon Rainforest found in South America.
The climate of a Tropical Rain Forest
Tropical rainforest plants
Some canopy trees grow over to over 100 metres high. Many have fruit that provides food for animals and people. Many rainforest plants are gathered for food or medicines. This is done without harming the rainforest.
Many 'every day' foods originated in rainforests, including tomatoes, peppers, corn, rice, coconut, banana, coffee, cocoa, cassava (tapioca), beans and sweet potatoes.
Tropical rainforest: Plant Adaptations
In order to survive in the hot, wet tropics, plants of the tropical rainforest have had to develop special features. This is called adaptation.
Because the weather is hot and wet, trees do not need thick bark to slow down moisture loss and have instead thin, smooth bark.
The layers of rainforest are connected by vines and ferns, and mosses grow on the trees. Liana is a climbing vine that grows on rainforest trees, climbing into the canopy so its leaves get more sunlight.