Religion

Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Judaism

Holy book- Torah


El (god) , Elohim ( god, plural form) , El Shaddai (god almighty) , Adonai (master) ,Elyon (highest) and Avinu (our father)

Polytheistic

Beliefs- the words of the prophets are true, prayer is to directed to g-d alone,God is eternal.

The Holiday is Hanukkah

Rituals- kodesh (holy) and chol (mundane). Jews consecrate the seventh day of the week, or Shabbat, as the epitome of sacred time. The Jewish calendar is replete with a rich array of festivals, most of which commemorate events in ancient Israelite history.

History-The four main movements within Judaism today are Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist, respectively ranging from traditional to liberal to religiously progressive in their application of Torah.


Christianity

Holy book is the bible

Monopolistic

God is called lord or father

Holidays are Christmas, Easter, Latter Day Saints , Good Friday.

Many Christian rituals and religious practices vary between denomination, individual church and individual Christian, but some practices are common to virtually all forms of Christianity.

Beliefs are that there is only one god. That Jesus is the son of God who was sent to save mankind from death and sin and etc.

History -A History of Christianity is a historical study of the Christian religion written by British journalist and author Paul Johnson. The book was published in 1976 and aims to be a factual comprehensive history of the Christian religion.



Buddhism

  • Beliefs- to lead a moral life, to be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions, and to develop wisdom and understanding.
  • History- At one time or another, it influenced most of the Asian continent. The history of Buddhism is also characterized by the development of numerous movements, schisms, and schools, among them the Theravāda, Mahāyāna and Vajrayānatraditions, with contrasting periods of expansion and retreat.
  • Monopolistic
  • Rituals-Going for Refuge. This is probably the most significant ritual connecting people to the Dharma. This is the oldest and most common ritual throughout most Buddhist traditions.Offering homage or respect to the Buddha, to Buddhist teachers, teachings, or other important areas of Buddhist life.
  • There gods name is Buddha
  • Holidays are Uposatha, makha bucha, Vesakha, Asalha puja day, Kathina ceremony, Sanghamitta day.
  • Holy book name is Tipitaka



Islam

Beliefs/god/history - There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God.


Allah has revealed to me that you should adopt humility so that no one oppresses another.

(Riyadh-us-Salaheen, Hadith 1589 )Even as the fingers of the two hands are equal, so are human beings equal to one another. No one has any right, nor any preference to claim over another. You are brothers. (Final Sermon of Muhammad)



  • Monopolistic
Holidays- Islam New Years, prophet Muhammad's birthday, the celebration concluding, the celebration the Haji.



  • The holy book name is Quran
  • Rituals- Muslims perform Islamic rituals and practice the religion per Quran, holy book of Muslims, and per the teaching of prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him) based on his saying and doing.


Hinduism

  • Beliefs-Hindus believe in a one, all-pervasive Supreme Being who is both immanent and transcendent, both Creator and Unmanifest Reality.
  • Ritual - brahmacharga, which takes place during the school years, is focused on acquiring knowledge and developing character;
  • grastha, the middle years, is focused on worldly pursuits and pleasures such as marriage, family and career;
  • Lords and goddess- Krishna , Vishna , Shiva ,Durga, Lakshmi , Saraswati, Ganesha, Murugan, etc.
  • Holy book In Hinduism there is no particular holy book, but there is one particular scripture considered holy by all sections of Hindus and that is the Vedas. The Vedas has four parts Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka & upanishat.
  • Holidays- pongal, kavadi, holi, shigmo, etc.
  • Polytheistic
  • History-The Hindu worldview is grounded in the doctrines of samsara (the cycle of rebirth) and karma (the universal law of cause and effect), and fundamentally holds that one's actions (including one's thoughts) directly determine one's life, both one's current life and one's future lives. Many, but not all, Hindus hold that the cosmos is populated