States of Matter

Hunter Little

Solids

a substance or object that is solid rather than liquid or fluid


3 Facts

~ they are firm and stable in shape

~ they aren't hollow and don't contain spaces or gaps

~ they are dependable and reliable


3 examples

~ brick

~rock

~copper

Liquid

a liquid substance- flowing freely but of constant volume


3 facts

~ not easily compressible

~takes the shape of which it occupies

~flows easily


3 examples

~ gatorade

~ water

~milk

Gases

an air like fluid substance which expands freely to fill any space available - doesn't have a defined shape or volume


3 facts

~ gas pressure is measured in pascals

~ pure gas is made of one atom

~ gas is a common state of matter


3 examples

~ helium

~ natural gas

~ propane

Plasma

the colorless fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk, which corpuscles or fat globules are suspended


3 facts

~ lightening and stars are made of plasma

~ plasma was used in the making of the nuclear bomb

~ energy is needed to strip the electrons from the atoms inside the plasma


3 examples

~ lightening

~ the sun

~ stars

Bose Einstein Condensate

a state of matter that forms below a critical temperature In which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state


3 facts

~ happens at low temperatures

~ the atoms in BEC are opposite

~ a large fraction of bosons occupy the lowest quantum state


3 examples

~ cold helium

~ rubidium

~hydrogen atoms