The Middle Ages
Ryan Goodlet, Callie Jahns, Jordan Miller
Role of Feudalism and how it structured life
- After the treaty of Verdun, Charlemagnes's grandsons broke up the kingdom. The territory became a battleground and new invaders attacked Europe. The political turmoil and constant warfare led to the rise of European feudalism.
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land.
Explanation of the manor system
The manor system was the basic economic arrangment. The manor system rested on a set of rights and obligations between a lord and his serfs. The lord provided the serfs with housing, farmland, and protection and in return would tend to the lords estate and land. The person recieving a fief was called a vassal. Serfs were not allowed to leave their manor without their lords permission and if they did leave they were at risk of getting kidnapped by Bandits.
Technology and strategy of feudal warfare
Knight on horseback became the key military role. Leather saddles and stirrups changed the way warfare was conducted in the 700's. Saddles kept the warrior firmly seated on a moving horse. Stirrup enabled him to ride and handle heavier weapons. Later came spikes to take down horseback knights and on foot warriors. Soldiers mounted on horseback became valuable in combat during the reign of Charlemagne's grandfather, Charles Martel, in the 700's He organized Frankish troops of armored horsemen, or knight.
Later longbows were invented, they were made to puncture through knights armor. They could actually kill an oncoming knight, many armies used these.
Role of Catholic Church in daily life and politics
The Catholic Church had a big role during the Middle ages because heaven was the number one thing people wanted to get to and the kings appointed church bishops
Problems facing the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages
Social problems were members of the church couldn't get married or drink. Religious problems were that the pope couldn’t red the prayers or anything. Political problem was bishops sold positions in the church called simony.
Causes and Effects of the Crusades
- Popes’ power declines and the kings become stronger
- Italian cities expand and becomes rich because many traveled through the area
- Muslims distrust Christians(Christians broke the agreement between them)
- The power of the Feudal nobles weakened
- European technology improves
- Christians wants Holy land control back from the Muslims
Role of the Knight in feudal times
England's evolution to a Limited constitutional monarchy
Cause and Effect of the Hundred Year's war