Canada 2060

What will Canada look like in 2060?


hi I am Ayesha and today I will be talking about the present and the future about our immigration, demography, first nations and how my country of origin will look like in 2060.

Current immigration

Immigration is very important especially in a country like Canada as:
  • Canada is a big country which means it offers a lot of space
  • currently Canada accepts around 250 000 immigrants each year
  • immigrants divided into 4 categories (economic, family, refugees and business class)
  • economic immigrants are 2/3 of all immigrants includes skilled workers.
  • family class immigrants are the immigrants have family who already who live here, Canada reunites 1000's of families
  • refugees, they come under the auspices of the UN, they receive help from private sponsors not the government.Canada takes 1 in 10 refugees.
  • immigrants from the most countries are China, India and the Philippines.

In the graph below you can see the amount of people immigrating to Canada throughout 1860-2010. You can the largest amount of immigrants came in 1910, you can also see that the number of immigrants have become more consistent throughout 1990-2010, the number is around 250 00.

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Current Demography Of Canada

Every year Canada accepts immigrants based on its net migration and natural increase from the year before which is called population growth.

Natural Increase

  • natural increase is the difference between the birth rate and death rate
  • the current birth rate is 11 and the current death rate is approximately 9.
  • as technology becomes more advanced and our healthcare becomes better and better the death rate will decrease as people have longer lifespans.
  • Since people have smaller families and the child survival rate is high the natural increase rate is small because because the numbers are closer as both the birth rate and death rate is small.

Net Migration

  • net migration is the difference between the immigration rate and emigration rate.
  • every year 250 000 immigrants come to Canada and in 2010 the net migration was 7.2 per 1000.

Canada's current dependency load is around 21 percent that means 21 percent of the population is under 14 and above 65 and cannot work so they have to rely on someone else.

in the graph below you can see that the population is slowly decreasing and in the up coming years we would need more immigrants as the baby bloomers are going to pass away and we will lose a big part of the population

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Demography Of Canada In 2060

  • since the baby boomers would have died by now the population would have been decreased dramatically.
  • the immigration rate will increase as they would more people to come in to stabilize the population after the baby bloomers have passed away.
  • the population will be the same as the immigrants will cover for the baby boomers.
  • since so many people will be coming in the net migration will be higher.
  • the dependency load will be smaller than what it is now as there less people being born now which means when we go to 2060 and they will be old there will be less seniors. There will also be less people under 14 as the birth rate will smaller.

Immigration In 2060

In 2060 the immigration will be a bit different from what it is now as i think the number of people entering every year will increase the number will go from around 250,000 to around 300,000.


The reason the number of immigrants will increase is because when the baby boomers pass away in the next three or four decades it will decrease our population by a lot. So to make up for the population loss they would have to increase the number of people coming in to the country.

What type of immigrants???

The country will also be looking for different types of immigrants especially skilled workers because when the baby boomers pass away its not only our population that gets affected as we our also losing most of our workforce which puts a big dent in our economy so we need more people to fill up the jobs so our economy keeps going forward. We can also start to except more refugees and family class immigrants as it will not only help increase our population but also bring thousands of families together, and with refugees it will help them have a safe place to live in plus most refugees are actually pretty rich and skilled, so these refugees will help increase our economy and in return we will give them a safe place to call home.

First Nations

The first nations were the people who first came and settled in Canada, they usually live on lands called reserves.

Types of First Nations

  • Inuit are the first nations of the Arctic and live up north.
  • the Metis the people who are half first nations and half European.
  • the Aboriginals are the ones who are full first nations and don't live up north.
the first nations are usually stereotyped and judged because of their background but we can stop that by looking past our differences and realizing the struggles they had to go through but also remembering to not put them below us.

The First Nation In 2060

  • the first nations are going to be respected rather than judged.
  • the Indian act will be removed completely but I don't think it will affect them much as the only thing they will be losing is their status cards.
  • even though they will be respected I do not think they will get the land they were promised as cities and residents have already been built but I think overall the first nations will be happy as they will no longer be stereotyped.


In the video below you can see them explaining how the baby boomers are ageing and how it is affecting the economy as there are going to be a lot of jobs open but not enough Canadians to fill them. they are also i lot of retirement homes being built for incoming seniors.
Canada's demographic and geographic shift


overall today you learned about immigration,first nations and our demography