Jacques Cartier

About Jacques Cartier

  • He was born on December 31, 1491
  • He died on September 1, 1557
  • He was a French explorer
The Explorations of Jacques Cartier 1534 1542

North America First Voyage

His first voyage was in the year 1534, he explored South America, mostly Brazil. On this voyage he was sent for King Francis I of France to the eastern coast of North America, which back then was called the "northern lands." This voyage was the voyage that would send him to the list of Famous explorers. Why he was sent on this voyage was to search for gold, and other riches, spices, and a passage to Asia. On another to voyage to America, he sailed on April 20, 1534, with two ships ans 61 men. He explored the west coast of the Newfoundland, and discovered Prince Edward Island and sailed through the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which is past Anticosti Island.

Second Voyage

When King Francis seen what Cartier had reported to him when Cartier got back, so he sent him on another voyage in May. This voyage he had 3 ships and 110 men. Also on this Cartier had two Indians that he captured on the last voyage, they now serve as guides. On the voyage Cartier past the St. Lawrence and went as far as Quebec and made a established base. In September, Cartier sailed downriver which is now called Montreal and was welcomed by the Iroquois who controlled the area. when Cartier heard from the Iroquois that there were other rivers that led farther west, where gold, silver, copper, and other spices could be found. Before Cartier could continue on his voyage there was a harsh winter that blew in and the rapids of the river were impassable. Cartier waited until spring, when the river was free of ice and did not have huge rapids. he did capture some of the Iroquois chiefs before they returned to France. When Cartier made his hasty escape, he was only able to report to the king that untold riches lay farther west and that a great river. said to be about 2,000 miles long, possibly led to Asia.

Third Voyage

On Cartier's third voyage he departed from France in May of 1541, with 5 ships. His third voyage was not to find a passage to the Orient, but it was to establish a permanent settlement along the St. Lawrence River on behalf of France. There was a group of colonists that sailed a few months after Cartier did. Cartier set up a camp near Quebec and he found an abundance of what they thought were gold and diamonds. In the spring, not waiting for the colonists to arrive Cartier abandoned the base and sailed to France. When Cartier stopped at Newfoundland, where he encountered the colonists, whose leaders ordered Cartier back to Quebec. That night in Quebec, Cartier sneaked away during the night and returned to France. The "gold and diamonds" that Cartier found were found to be worthless, and the colonists abandoned the plans to found a settlement and they returned to France after experiencing their first bitter winter. After these setbacks, France didn't show any interest in these new lands for a half a century. Also Cartier's career as a state-funded explorer came to an end. With Cartier's reputation has been disgraced by his dealing with the Iroquois and abandonment of the incoming colonists as he fled the New World.

By: Nicole Fitzpatrick