- Water power and coal to fuel the new machines.
- Iron ore to construct machines, tools, and buildings.
- Rivers for inland transportation.
- Harbors from which merchant ships set sail.
Industrialization led to a better quality of life for most people. But the change to machine production initially caused human suffering.
Rapid industrialization brought plentiful jobs, but it also caused unhealthy working conditions, air and water pollution, and the ills of child labor.
Factory work was dirty and dangerous. Bosses strictly disciplined their employees and treated them harshly. The workers were underpaid and overworked. They didn't get enough money for the labor they were providing. One also had a short life expectancy if they worked in a factory. The hours in a workday were very long too because the factories were indoors and didn't have to use sunlight to decide business hours. The government also provided no regulations for the treatment of a businesses employees.
Urban areas doubled, tripled, quadrupled in size which led to overcrowding in cities. Cities were unsanitary and the streets were filled of diseases. Many citizens got very sick.
Businesses started to hire children to work in factories because their small could reach into tiny holes and it is easier for them to do things which require small hands or bodies.
The newly invented steam engine provided cheap movement of goods through waterways. Canals were built so resources could be transported with ease.
The inventions of railroads dramatically revolutionized life in Britain. The railroads gave manufactures a cheap way to transport their products. The railways also gave people opportunities to travel.
Industrialization helped life in Europe a lot. it raised the standard of living since new materials and products were available for public use.