World Religions

Buddhism, Hinduism, Legalism, Confucianism, and Taoism


Buddhism was founded in Northern India by Siddhartha Gautama. Buddhism was founded in the fourth or fifth century B.C. Buddhism was spread by word of mouth which led to India, Ceylon, Burma, Nepal, and many other countries to believe in Buddhism. Buddhism is expected to increase from now until 2030. After 2030 Buddhism is expected to decrease. There is an estimate of about 488-511 million Buddhists in the world today. Asia has and still continues to be the most practiced country for Buddhism in the world. Meditation is used by many people still to this day, we get this from the Buddhism religion.


Hinduism was founded in India in 2300-1500 BC. There is no founder of Hinduism. The Hinduism text is known as Sanatana Dharma which means "The Eternal Teaching." The spread of Hinduism came from merchants therefore spread to other countries. In 2030 Hinduism's growth rate is expected to be 15.2% of the world's population. Hinduism is practiced by more than 80% of India's population. This has always been practiced in India. Relaxation methods and philosophies have been taken from the Hinduism religion.
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Shang Yang founded Legalism in China in 390- 338 B.C. China's government believed and followed Legalism which led to people believing in it, therefore it spread throughout China. Legalism was popular in China. Legalism has showed us why it is important to have strict rules that make sense. Legalism is non-existent today therefore there are no growth rates.
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Confucianism originates in China. No one knows exactly when this religion started, but the best estimate is the 6th century B.C founded by K'ung Fu Zi. Confucianism spread to Korea, Japan, Vietnam, East Asia, and South Korea. China started with the most Confucianists, but today this religion is most practiced in South Korea. Confucianism is where we get Ying-Yang the black represents chaos and the white represents order. Confucianism accounts for .09% of the world's population. Confucianism shows us the importance of education.
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The founder of Taoism is Lao- Tzu a Chinese philosopher. Taoism was founded in 145-85 B.C in China. The followers of Taoism are the people that spread this religion. Taoism has about 500 million followers around the world today. Taoism in the past was most popular in China but then spread to Taiwan, and even some parts of North America. Taoism affects China's philosophies because it is helpful in solving problems, and encourages people to stop wars and live peaceful.
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