Researching

by Aidan Nolte

1. How to gather relevant information from print (hard copy) or digital sources

Use good keywords, lots of advanced searching, and skimming skills to get relevant information.

2. How to use search terms (keywords) effectively in finding information

When using information services, you most likely aren't going to find what you're looking for unless you use the right keywords. If you're searching for Isaac Newton's birthplace on Google search for "Isaac Newton -education +birthplace -death" that should narrow down your results by a few thousand :)
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How to decide whether a website or resource is credible and accurate

- Check for 3 things: Author, date, URL

-Author could be some schizophrenic who thinks he has useful information on the government. He's not Edward Snow, he's Phillip K. Dick.

- The date could be December 4, 1999. Which means it's an outdated source. So you should always check the date before putting information inside a paper.

- Check the URL, because if the end is .org, .gov or .edu, it's most likely a reliable source.

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The difference between quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing

- Quoting: Copy words from an author.

- Paraphrasing: Restate the ideas from an author using different words.

- Summarizing: Break down the words of another author, telling the main idea instead of the whole story.

So, quoting is using the exact words, paraphrasing is using different words, and summarizing is taking out the important parts and leaving the boring stuff.

- Quoting: Rebecca Black once said, "Partyin' partyin' yeah!"

- Paraphrasing: Celebrate, celebrate, aye!!!

- Summarize: Partyin'! Yeah!

What plagiarism is and how to avoid it

Plagiarism is the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own. You can quote by copying words from an author, you can paraphrase by restating the ideas from an author using different words, or you can summarize by breaking down the words of another author, telling the main idea instead of the whole story. I think the best way to avoid plagiarism is to cite by giving readers the source of information.

What MLA citation is

MLA citation is a form of citing using something called parenthetical citation. Parenthetical citation is a more specific way of citing, telling you where the text you got the information comes from, the author, the date, and the title/URL of the source.
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