The Nanjing Massacre

by: Aaron Anderson

Importance of the Nanjing Massacre

Before the Nanjing Massacre, China and Japan were allies and shared any cultural similarities. Chinese troops were ordered to protect Nanjing with the few troops that they had. Japanese soldiers eventually captured Nanjing and began to massacre civilians as well as looted, and raped the women. The death toll of civilians is estimated between 40,000 to over 300,000, and the amount of women sexually assaulted is estimated to be between 20,000 and 80,000. Some people deny that the massacre even occurred at all. Nanjing, then the capital of China was left in ruins and would take years to recover.

The "Nanjing Massacre" or "Rape of Nanjing" took place over a six week period starting on December 19, 1937. Chinese officials ordered the evacuation of all official Chinese soldiers, but denied the evacuation of any civilians, this left the city of Nanjing to be defended by untrained auxiliary troops. Some civilians denied the order to stay in the city and fled, but ran into Japanese troops.