Aristotle

Aya hamam, Veronica Anaya, Brenna Colley

Birth and Childhood

Aristotle was born in Greece, in 348 BC. His father was Nicmachus, the physician for King Amyntas. Although there isn't much recorded about Aristotle's childhood it was evident that he was inspired by his father to pursue science. At the age of 17 he went to Athens and joined the Plato Academy to further his education. He was such an impressive student that he soon became a teacher, remaining at the academy for the next 20 years, and later went on to create his own school, called Lyceum.

Heliocentric vs Geocentric

Aristotle believed in a geocentric universe which means he believed that the Earth was the center of the universe and that the sun and moon orbited the Earth. He also believed that the stars and planets were perfect spheres, because they all contained "the first element".

Contributions and Understandings

Aristotle was the first to come up with a formula system for reasoning, by the accuracy of an argument is determined by its structure rather than its content.

He was also the first to classify areas of human knowledge into distinct categories such as mathematics, biology and ethics. He was also the first to study plants, animals and people in different ways. He classified animals into species based on those that had red blood and those that didn't.

Out of over 200 works only 31 survive today. One of which is "Organon" which is a set of writings that are used in scientific and philosophical investigations. Also, Physics and Metaphysics, both are studies about the nature of matter and change and an investigation of existence itself.

In his studies of Meteorology, he identified the water cycle and discussed everything from natural disasters to astrological events. His own definition of meteorology was, "affectations we may call common to air and water, and the kinds and parts of the earth and the affectations of its parts."

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Death and Legacy

In 322 B.C. he contracted a disease and died. As time went on his works started to fall out of use, but were later revised. But overtime his works laid the foundation 7+ years of philosophy. Modern biology and modern logic has continued to grow because of Aristotle's studies hundreds of years ago.

Works Cited

"Aristotle - Biography, Facts and Pictures." Famous Scientists - List and Biographies of Most Famous Scientists and Inventors in History. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Sept. 2015.

"Aristotle (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Sept. 2015.

"Aristotle > Legacy." Marshallfarrier.com > Welcome. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Sept. 2015.

"Aristotle." Bio. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 2 Sept. 2015.