Francis Bacon

1st Viscount St. Alban

22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626

English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author.
His father, Sir Nicolas Bacon, was Lord Keeper of the Seal. His mother, Lady Anne Cooke Bacon, was his father's second wife and daughter to Sir Anthony Cooke, a humanist who was Edward VI's tutor.
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Bacon has been called the creator of empiricism. His works established and popularised inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry, often called the Baconian method, or simply the scientific method.
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Novum Organum Scientiarum

It was not until 1620, when Bacon published Book One of Novum Organum Scientiarum, that Bacon established himself as a reputable philosopher of science.
According to Bacon in Novum Organum, the scientific method should begin with the "Tables of Investigation." It should then proceed to the "Table of Presence," which is a list of circumstances under which the event being studied occurred.

Bacon's Time Line

1561-January 22, born in London to Sir Nicolas Bacon, the lord keeper of seal, and the sister-in-law of Lord Burghley.

1573-April, enters Trinity college, Cambridge where he studies all the sciences then taught.

1576-Enters Gray's Inn with his brother Anthony. Travels with the Ambassador to Paris, Sir Amyas Paulet.

1579-Resides at Gray's Inn. Father's death leaves him penniless so he begins a career in law.

1582-Made outer barister at Gray's Inn.

1584-Takes a seat in parliament for Dorsetshire.

1591-Confidential advisor to the earl of Essex.

1593-Takes a seat in parliament for Middlesex.

1597-Publishes his Essays along with Colours of Good and Evil and the Meditationes Sacrae.

1601-February 8, Essex leads a plot to kidnap the queen in order to force her to dismiss his enemies from her court. The leaders were arrested and Bacon was instrument al in securing for the queen a guilty verdict at Essex' trial.

1603-Queen Elizabeth dies, succeeded by James I in whose service Bacon flourishes.

1607-Receives office of solicitor.

1608-Named treasurer of Gray's Inn.

1613-Bacon becomes attorney general.

1617-March 7, made lord keeper of the seal, the same office his father had held.

1618-January 7, made lord chancellor, and received the title of Baron Verulam.

1620-Publishes Novum Organum.

1621-Created Viscount St. Albans. Charged with bribery and found guilty upon his own admission. Fined forty thousand pounds, sentenced to the Tower of London, prohibi ted from holding office for the state, and prohibited from sitting on parliament. The sentence was reduced and no fine was paid and only four days were spent in the Tower but he never again held office or sat for parliament.

1622-Presents to Prince Charles the History of Henry VII. Publishes Historia Ventorum and Historia Vitae et Mortis.

1623-Publishes De Augmentis Scientiarum.

1624-Publishes Apothegms.

1626-March, while driving near Highgate, decides to experiment with the effect of cold on the decay of meat, purchases a fowl and stuffs it with snow. Catches cold and develops bronchitis, dying on April 9.