Academically Gifted & Talented

IQ- Far exceed peers- High levels of other performance

Defined and Classified

Marland Federal Definition: those who are identified by professionally qualified persons who by virtue of outstanding abilities are capable of high performance. These are children who require differentiated educational programs and/or services beyond those normally provided by the regular school program in order to realize their contribution to self and society. Children capable of high performance include those with demonstrated achievement and/or potential ability in any of the following: general intellectual ability, specific academic ability, creative or productive thinking, leadership ability, visual and performing arts, psychomotor ability.


Renzulli's three ring conceptualization: a behavior that is the result of the combination of three ingredients; well above average ability, task commitment, and creativity.


Gardner's Multiple Intelligences: Intelligence is the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural setting. Each talent may be studied, identified, and develop apart from the others.


Classified by types of gifts and talents and level of giftedness

Prevalence and Causal Factors

Estimates vary based on adherence to IQ model, professional vs nonprofessional opinion, broadened acceptance of qualifying areas. Based on the IQ model 5% of the school age population would be gifted. Liberal criteria identifies 15-20% to be gifted. It is estimated that 19% of school age children are or could be considered gifted. It is up to individual education programs to identify and determine the needs of students and special services.


Factors causing giftedness are highly controversial, however it is best supported that giftedness is a combination hereditary and environmental factors

Identification and Assessment

  • Intelligence Test
  • Achievement Tests
  • Creativity Tests
  • Teacher Nominations
  • Peer Nominations
  • Parent Nominations
  • Product Sampling
  • Self-Nomination

Educational Practices

Major Issues related to the education of students with gifts and talents

-Difficulties in defining intelligence and creativity-


Factors influencing policies toward the education of students with gifts and tenets include declining quality of general education and school reform efforts, underrepresentation of certain groups among those identified as having gifts and tents, and accountability.

Special Education for Today's Teachers

Rosenberg, M., & Westling, D. (2008). Special education for today's teachers: An introduction. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Merill/Prentice Hall.