EDGAR ALLEN POE POEMS...
LANGUAGE STYLE... ...of DOOM
In "A Dream Within a Dream", symbolism is used in lines 6-9 and 15-17.
Edgar is symbolizing that no matter when hope has left, "yet if hope has flown away/ in a night, or in a day.. is it therefor the less gone?", once it's gone, it's gone. Even if he dreamed up that hope left, it has still taken its leave.
The "golden sand" stands for the hopes and dreams that he has, he has them in his hands, literally in his grasps. Though there is only a small amount of them ("How few!"), time manages to slip them out of his grasps and have them fall "to the deep", which i will deem "reality", where his dreams go and disappear.
In "A Dream", symbolism is used in lines 1-4, and lines 13-16
The "dream of joy departed", probably a lady friend that he had to leave, or vice-versa. He has "visions of [her in] the dark night", but when he wakes up, the reality hits him that she is no longer there, which "hath left [him] broken-hearted."
What he's saying here when he says, "while the world were chiding/ hath cheered me as a lovely beam", is that no matter how much the world scolds him for trying to get back what made him happy, maybe a lady friend; he is "A lonely spirit guiding", but the dream he had of her gives him the strength to push onward.
in "Dreams" symbolism is used in lines 1-3 and lines 25-26
"Oh! that my young life were a lasting dream!/ My spirit not awakening, till the beam/ Of an Eternity should bring on the morrow." Edgar is saying that, when he was young, he had hopes and dreams, and that looking back, he loved it so, however now, he wishes for that back, and the only thing that will free his soul is death.. the "beam Of an Eternity"
"Too Coldly- or the stars- howe'er it was/ that dream was as that night-wind- let it pass." The dreams he has now, even though life itself is cold and no longer happy, make him joyful, and make life pass by more enjoyably.
Much of the "Dream Trilogy" poems are actually made up of extended figures. The extended figures he uses are there to tell the reader the messages behind his words.
The entire second stanza of "A Dream WIthin a Dream", is an extended figure. "I stand amid the roar/ of a surf-tormented shore", he is not literally standing on a beach, he is reflecting upon his life. He speaks of sand, which is his hopes, slipping through his fingers "to the deep", his hopes slipping away from him due to life getting in the way and time dragging them from his grasps.
In "A Dream" the fourth stanza is an extended figure. "what though that light", the hope that the dream brought him, "thro' storm and night/ so trembled from afar-"; though it wasn't much to hold on to, it was the brightest thing that lead him through the darkness in his life. Since "what could there be more purely bright/ in Truth's day-star?"
In "Dreams", the second stanza there, is an example of figurative language. He compare's the lack of happiness in life to "the chilly wind". The whole stanza stands for the lack of joy, making his life a cold, unwelcoming night, and how it's imprinting on his views of the world and his spirit.
My Bro Poe uses line breaks heavily throughout his poems. These line breaks help the reader move onto different themes within each poem, as well as different ideas and tones/moods. The transfer between ideas in each of his poems better portray what he's trying to say to the reader.
In, "A Dream Within a Dream", the line break that separates the two stanzas clearly shows a change in the poem. It goes from a present tense, conversation with another, shown in lines 1-3 where he kissing someone on the forehead, and later on telling them about dreams, to an extended figure, where he metaphorically talks about his dreams "[creeping] through [his] fingers. (line 15)".
In "A Dream", the line breaks between the stanzas show a transfer between tones. In the first and second stanzas, it's reminiscent but dark, but when it moves to the third and fourth, it turns to a sense of hope and guiding light.
In "Dreams", the line breaks between the stanzas also show a change in tone. Between stanzas three and four, the tone, again, goes from dark and cold, to hopeful and warm. The sun is shining in the fourth, whereas in the third, it was a cold night.