1-Point Perspective

How things appear to get smaller as they get further away.

1-Point Perspective: The illusion of depth

"…a mathematical system for representing three-dimensional objects and space on a two-dimensional surface by means of intersecting lines that are drawn vertically and horizontally and that radiate from one point on a horizon line…"


Although this definition sounds complicated, the concept is relatively simple. One-point perspective is a drawing method that shows how things appear to get smaller as they get further away, converging towards a single ‘vanishing point’ on the horizon line. It is a way of drawing objects upon a flat piece of paper (or other drawing surface) so that they look three-dimensional and realistic.


Drawing in one-point perspective is usually appropriate when the subject is viewed ‘front-on’ (such as when looking directly at the face of a cube or the wall of building) or when looking directly down something long, like a road or railway track. It is popular drawing method with architects and illustrators, especially when drawing room interiors.

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Words to Know

True Shapes

In one point perspective, surfaces that face the viewer appear as their true shape, without any distortion. They are drawn using primarily horizontal and vertical lines.

Vanishing Point

Surfaces that travel away from the viewer, converge towards a single ‘vanishing point‘. These lines are slanted or diagonal. All receding surfaces or lines lead to the vanishing point.

Horizon Line

The vanishing point is located directly in front of the viewer’s eyes, on a ‘horizon line’ (also known as an ‘eye level line’).

Surrealism

Rene Magritte

Born: 21 November 1898

Died: 15 August 1967

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The Presence of Spirit

1960
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The Difficult Crossing

1926
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The Golden Legend

1958
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The Flash

1959
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Portrait of Stephy Langui

1961

Salvador Dali

Born: 11 May 1904

Died: 23 January 1989

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The Persistence of Memory

1931
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Face of Mae West Which May Be Used as an Apartment

1935
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Woman with a Head of Roses

1935

Giorgio de Chirico

Born: 10 July 1888

Died: 20 November 1978

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Piazza d'Italia

1913
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The Return of Ulysses

1968

Dorothea Tanning

Born: 25 August 1910

Died: 31 January 2012

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Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (A Little Night Music)

1943
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