Viral

By: Janora Brown

HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)

The human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.
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HIV Characteristics

  • The life-cycle of HIV in your cells. HIV can infect multiple cells in your body, including brain cells, but its main target is the CD 4 lymphocyte.
  • People with HIV, should maintain a health balance diet.
  • Life expectancy at age 20 in the US population is approximately 57 years in men and 62 years in women.
  • HIV is spread mainly by having sex or sharing injection drug equipment such as needles with someone who has HIV. Or coming in contact with certain body fluids.

Symptoms

Not everyone has symptoms when first infected with HIV. Many people have flu-like symptoms called "acute retroviral syndrome" Other symptoms may include;


  • Fever
  • Swollen Glands
  • Sore Throat
  • Rash
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle and Joint Aches
  • Headaches

Currently no Cure!

Recommendations

  1. Eat a healthy well balanced Diet
  2. Avoid Alcohol and any other drugs
  3. Pay attention to Your Oral Health
  4. Find ways to reduce stress (Exercise)
  5. Travel with Caution
  6. See you Gynecologists Regularly
  7. Take your medication on time
  8. Learn all you can about HIV

History

  • The first cases of HIV in the United States date back to 1981.
  • In September 1982, the CDC uses the term acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Once the diseases were identified, HIV and AIDS quickly became an epidemic in the country. By 1994, AIDS was the leading cause of death among Americans ages 25 to 44.
  • Estimated that there are 33.3 million people worldwide infected with HIV.
  • The HIV pandemic is most severe in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Bibliography

"8 Health Tips for Managing HIV - Living Well With HIV - Everyday Health." EverydayHealth.com. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. <http://www.everydayhealth.com/health-report/living-well-with-hiv/health-tips-for-managing-hiv.aspx>.

"HIV AIDS Pictures Slideshow: Myths and Facts on Symptoms and Treatments on MedicineNet.com." MedicineNet. Web. 13 Mar. 2015. <http://www.medicinenet.com/hiv_aids_myths_and_facts_pictures_slideshow/article.htm>.