A PSA BY THE FOREST FIRE FOUNDATION
What are forest fires?
Forest fires are moving combustion reactions that spread outward in a band from its ignition point leaving burned out forest behind it.
How do forest fires start?
- Oxygen - easily obtainable in the forest
- Fuel - branches, dry leaves etc.
- Human Caused : unattended campfires, discarded cigarettes etc.
- Nature Caused : Lightning
Effects of forest fires
Forest fires also damage the soil beneath them. They kill off two very key components necessary for tree growth;
- Nitrogen is the building block for protein in plants
- It is a component of chlorophyll, it is responsible for many enzyme reactions
- Fills the spaces in the cell wall between cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin components
- Aids in conducting water through plant stem's
- Responsible for wooden feeling.
Climate change affects on forest fires
- Less moisture, resulting in larger and more uncontrollable fires
- Warmer climate means more lightning, resulting in more nature caused fires
- Warmer climate means longer fire season, resulting in more fires in general