Period Four Review: 1800-1848

By: Jalen Wideman: Jan 4, 2016

Essex Junto 1812-1814

  • Although John Adams coined this term, for his extreme federalist Allies, Essex Junto emerged mainly during the war of 1812.
  • These group of federalist were centered mainly in New England threatened for secession with reunification with New England. T
  • he group diminished in size after the Hartford Convention
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Treaty Of Ghent

  • Dec. 24, 1814, This treaty resolved most conflict to help end the War of 1812.
  • This treaty helped settle the boundaries between U.S and Canada.
  • This treaty also demanded that all conquered territories during the war be returned to their owners.
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Cartoonist : William Charles

John Bull/////////////////////////////////////Bruin//////////////////////////////Columbia////////////////


  • In 1817, after most war trauma declined, Monroe embarked on a Goodwill tour, increasing the pride of many Americans.
  • This increase in Nationalism helped industrialize many places around America, and increasing production in the Nation.
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  • With the Panic of 1819, the resurgence of Sectionalism sparked.
  • This panic began the end of the economic improvement, and banks began to fell.
  • Although the economy crashed, Monroe was easily elected for the second term
  • The North, West, and South began isolating themselves, increasing sectionalism in the U.S
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Gibbons V. Ogden

  • A case, where two steamboat owners wanted complete control of a shipping business.
  • in New York, although Ogden had a charter from New York, Gibbons had a charter from the United States.
  • Marshall Ruled Nation had Superiority over the states.
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Gibbons v Ogden

Themes Addressed (1)

  • Although the War of 1812 resulted in the defeat of the United States, many Americans began to accept the war and continue to prosper.
  • This resulted in a short 2 year economic gain for Americas economy. (WXT-2.0-9.2I)

Themes Addressed (2)

  • The ruling of the Gibbons V. Ogden case was generally reflected over the actions in South Carolina (Nullification Crisis), where many South Carolinians refuted the idea of Nation over States. (Nat-2.0-9.3II)