Antebellum Reform Movements
Mental Hospital,Prisons,Public Education,Alcohol abuse
Roots of reform
Events: Era of the common man
cause: starting in the 1820's universal white male suffrage spread.
- Andrew jackson, a "common man" was elected
- Candidates had to campaign to appeal to common people
- the common gained more influence in government
Event: second great awakening
cause: americans were less religious, especially after the ENLIGHTENMENT EMPHASIZED SCIENCE AND REASON
- people looked to them selves to be saved, not church authority.
- common people had more influence in their religion
- many wanted reforms to fix "sins in society, especially slavery
Dorothea Dix- Exposed inhumane treatment of the mentally ill
- many saw alcohol abuse as the root of society problems
- the american temperance society convinced many to reduce alcohol use and same states banned the sale of liquor.
- temperance-moderation of alcohol abuse
- prisoners were treated inhumanely were sometimes jailed just for being indept
- prisons began focusing more rehabilitating
- prisoners and debtors prisons was abolished.
Abolitionism: is a movement to end slavery whether formal or informal.
- education was only affordable for the wealthy.
- many believed the country could only affordable if citizens were educated.
- seneca falls convention- started the organized womens rights movement in the united states.
- declaration of sentiments- declared men and women to be equal
- elizabeth cady stanton- demanded womens suffrage (right to vote)