Vocabulary Appetizer

AP Human Geography: Nathan Liu Hour 6

1.Dialect

A regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation. Generally, speakers of one dialect can understand speakers of another dialect.


2.Isogloss

Word-usage boundaries. Every word that is not used nationally has some geographic extent within the country and therefore has boundaries.



3.Language Group

A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.


4.Creole

A language that results from mixing of a colonizers language with the indigenous language of the people being colonized.


5.Language

A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a certain group of people to have the same meaning and who use the same alphabet.


6.Ideograms

Symbols which represent ideas or concepts, not specific pronunciations.


7.Extinct language

Languages once in use, even in the recent past, but no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world.


8.Isolated Language

A language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family.


9.Lingua Franca

A language of international communication, such as English. Speakers of two languages create Lingua Franca by mixing elements of two languages into a simple language.


10. Denglish

The diffusion of English words into German.