How Big Is a Moose?


Have you ever wondered?

  • How big is a Moose?

  • What they use their antlers for?

  • Why they have hooves for feet?

  • How does their fur keep them warm?

A Moose is a type of deer. They are the biggest in the deer species. Moose have large antlers, long shaped face, humped back, thin legs, and a huge body. A boy moose is called a bull, girl moose is called a cow, and a baby moose is called a calf. They live in northern United States, Canada, and Europe.

Moose are 5-6 ½ feet talk from their shoulders to their hooves. They can weigh up to 1,600 pounds. Moose prefer to browse on higher grasses and shrubs because they are so tall and lowering their heads to the ground can be challenging. In the warm months they eat leaves and buds off of trees. They also eat aquatic plants like water lilies. In the summer they eat about 22-26 pounds of food per day. In the winter they eat woody plants like the twigs and bark of willow, birch and aspen trees. They eat about 10-12 pounds of food per day in the winter.


Moose antlers are shaped like a palm with fingers stretched out and they are called palmate antlers. Only the bull (boy) moose have antlers. They shed their antlers during the winter season. Then they gorw their new set of antlers during the months of April to August. They grow a new set of antlers once a year. Antlers are a moose fastest growing organ. Their antlers can be 4-5 feet wide and weigh 25-30 pounds.


Moose have hooves for feet and they are heart shaped. Their tracks are about 6 to 10 inches long and 4 ½ inches long. We use snowshoes to keep us on top of snow and Moose hooves work in a similar way. They provide the heavy moose support keeping them on top of deep snow, not letting them sink into it. Their hooves also help them have good grip and footing on mushy, soft, and hard surfaces. In the winter time moose use their hooves to clear away snow to be able to reach food. Moose are very strong swimmers and their hooves help when they swim too.


Moose have light to dark brown hairs that are hollow, and the air trapped inside provides insulation, keep the moose warm. Their hollow hair also allows the moose to stay afloat while swimming or foraging for plants. Moose can dive upto 20 feet under water and can swim 6 miles an hour. They can also go completely underwater and can stay down there for 30 seconds before needing to come up for air to breathe.

Fun facts:

  • Moose can store over 100 pounds of food in their stomachs
  • Have 32 teeth, no front teeth
  • Poor eyesight, amazing smell and hearing.
  • A moose can run with a speed of 35 miles per hour. They can run non-stop for 15 miles

Try Out Some Moosetastic Ideas

  • Cut out this moose track that is about the size of an actual moose track. Next dip your foot in paint, making your foot print on a piece of paper. Cut it out and compare the size of the moose track and your foot print.

  • Look outside in the snow for other animal tracks you see. While your outside make your tracks in the snow too and see what they look like.

  • Trace your hands and glue them together so your thumbs face each other, making your own set of moose antlers.

  • Measure how wide an actual set of moose antlers are. Next take your own antlers you made and count how many of your antlers it would take to get across a moose set of antlers. Learn just how BIG their antlers really are!

  • Sing "Antlers, Shoulders, Knees and Hooves". Learning about the parts of a moose.

  • Read these fun books! Moose Tracks by Karma Wilson and If You Give a Moose a Muffin by Laura Numeroff.

  • Check out other fun moose activities that go along with Karma Wilson's book Moose Tracks.

You will also find the moose track print out on Karma Wilson's Moose Tracks, activity page!

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MOOSE: Animals for children. Kids videos. Kindergarten | Preschool learning
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