Kaitlyn Hotte and Clare Laroche
This Isolation of Japan:
Japan’s decision to close its borders to trade with Europe has made massive headlines. Japan came to this decision after beginning to distrust European merchants (Watts). At first, the Japanese welcomed international trade from European countries, but unfortunately, this did not last (Ellis, Gaynor, and Essler). Japan started putting restrictions on trade with Europe in 1638 when it forbid Europeans from trading with Japan, and prevented Japanese citizens from visiting Europe (Ellis, Gaynor, and Essler). Japan also experienced a change of heart toward Christianity. Japan, which had initially been considered a huge missionary success, slowly began turning hostile toward Christians. In 1635, Tokugawa Iemitsu created a list of edicts further banning Christianity from being taught, practiced, or believed in Japan (Watts). According to Iemitsu’s edicts, priests could be arrested and executed, and citizens were offered rewards for their capture (Watts). Although Japan’s isolation policies may seem unnecessarily harsh, they have come with some benefits. Japan’s detachment from the outside world has made the country independent, kept the economy stable, and allowed local businesses to thrive (JFS Staff). Will Japan’s foreign policies benefit the country or hurt it?
On April 27, 1521, the noble explorer, Ferdinand Magellan, passed away in the Philippines. (History.com) Magellan's death shows his indomitable spirit. He refused to turn back from his journey, even when it was nearly impossible. (Ellis and Essler) Magellan discovered the Strait of Magellan, named the Pacific Ocean, and traveled to the East Indies. (Ellis, Gaynor, and Essler) Unfortunately, the brave explorer was killed by the natives of the Philippine Islands before he could complete his journey home. (History.com) He will be dearly missed by his family and friends.
In Beijing, China, on May 11, 1610, the world lost a wonderful man. (Shih) Mattel was a Jesuit missionary from Italy, whose mission was to convert China to Christianity. (Ellis, Gaynor, and Essler) He was greatly loved by all who met him because of his kindness, intellect, and understanding. He was a friend of all the Chinese, including numerous scholars, princes, and other influential people. (Shih) He introduced new mathematics to Chinese scholars and impressed all who met him with his brilliant intellect. (Shih) On the day of his death, all of China felt the loss of a great man. Matteo Ricci will live on in the memories and hearts of all who knew him.
On May 20, 1506, a great explorer and the discoverer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus, passed away. (Nelson) Columbus was born in 1451 in Genoa, Italy. (Nelson) He eventually moved to Lisbon, where he learned sailing and navigation. (Nelson) Columbus is best known for his journey on the three ships: the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria, which led to the discovery of America. Columbus's journey was sponsored by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, and he claimed the land in the Americas for them. (Ellis, Gaynor, and Essler) His discovery became the land that is today North America, composed of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Without Columbus's monumental discovery, the world would not be the same. Christopher Columbus and his historical discovery will never be forgotten.
Spices for Sale
An Native's Opinion on the Dutch in Africa
Clare: Hello Aneke, how are you today?
Aneke: I’m well, but I’d be better if it weren’t for the Europeans in my home.
Clare: How do you feel about the Dutch conquest of your homeland?
Aneke: The Boers are cruel people. They think they are better than my people (Ellis, Gaynor, and Essler). They use their religion as an excuse to condemn and rule over us (Boer). The Dutch farmers take away our land and possessions, and we are not strong enough to resist (Boer).
Clare: Why have the Dutch settled in Africa?
Aneke: Cape Town, the Dutch settlement in Africa, was originally intended as a docking and supply station for merchants travelling to Asia (Williamson). However, farmers soon began settling in (Williamson).
Clare: What have the Dutch farmers, the Boers, done to your people exactly?
Aneke: As the Boers moved in, they forced my people to leave their homes and move farther and farther north (Ellis, Gaynor, and Essler). They enslaved my family, friends, and neighbors to work their farms (Boer).
Clare: That is horrible!
Aneke: Yes, our life was much better before the brutal Europeans came. They enslave my people, take our land, and treat us like dirt, yet we are seen as the savages (Williamson).
Clare: What do you want to Boers to do?
Aneke: I will not be happy until every Boer has left Africa. When all the land is returned to it’s owners, all the slaves have been freed, and the country is once again free of European rule, then I will be satisfied.
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Age of Exploration Crossword
8. Muslim empire that ruled most of Northern India from the mid-1500s to the mid-1700s
9. people originally from Manchuria, who conquered the Ming dynasty and ruled China as the Qing dynasty
10. map makers
11. a country in Southeastern Asia made up of several thousand islands
1. "__________ _________ sailed the ocean blue in 1492."
2. exclusive control of a business or industry
3. _____ dynasty established by Manchus which was China's last dynasty
4. Dutch farmers who settled around Cape Town
5. brilliant Jesuit priest who made a strong impression on the Chinese
6. Indian troops
7. ________ kingdom emerged in the area occupied by present-day Ghana
8. island chain in present-day Indonesia known as the Spice Islands