Folk Literature

By: Aaliyah Johnson

Types of Folk Literature

Fable- a short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral.

Folk Tale- a story originating in popular culture, typically passed on by word of mouth.

Tall Tale- a story with unbelievable elements, related as if it were true and factual.

Myth- a traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.Fairy tale

Legend- a traditional story sometimes popularly regarded as historical but unauthenticated.

The Dog & His Reflection

"A Dog, to whom the butcher had thrown a bone, was hurrying home with his prize as fast as he could go. As he crossed a narrow footbridge, he happened to look down and saw himself reflected in the quiet water as if in a mirror. But the greedy Dog thought he saw a real Dog carrying a bone much bigger than his own.

If he had stopped to think he would have known better. But instead of thinking, he dropped his bone and sprang at the Dog in the river, only to find himself swimming for dear life to reach the shore. At last he managed to scramble out, and as he stood sadly thinking about the good bone he had lost, he realized what a stupid Dog he had been.

The moral : It is very foolish to be greedy."

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Ghost on the Tracks

A Colorado Ghost Story

retold by

S.E. Schlosser

"The train rumbled around him as he adjusted the throttle. The night shift was always the toughest, in the engineer's mind. He had rumbled through Timpas a few minutes ago and was on his way to Thatcher. Not a bad stretch of road, and there was no better train in the entire Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad.

He stretched a bit and yawned, trying to stay alert. And then he gasped. The lights had picked up the figure of a beautiful woman with long red-gold hair and wonderful blue eyes standing near the tracks. Too near! He sounded his horn to warn her away. And then he realized that the light was shining right through her. She was a ghost!

She stepped into the center of the track, laughing and beautiful. She disappeared seconds before the train rushed through her. And then she was there, in the engine cab next to him. The scent of roses filled the air. He stared at the ghostly vision, bewitched by her beauty. With an enticing smile, she wrapped ghostly arms about his neck and kissed him. And was gone.

Dazed (and disappointed!), the engineer finished the run to Thatcher in a trance, completely forgetting to stop at the station. The fireman had to pour water on his head to snap him out of it.

The engineer decided not to tell anyone about the ghost, fearing for his job. But he was plagued by curiousity. Finally, he confided the story to a close friend who was a fellow engineer. To his surprise, the friend had heard about the ghost before. The ghost's appearance on the train was by no means uncommon. No one knew who the woman had been in life. But she always appeared on that stretch of track after dark, beckoning to the men on the railroad crew with a bewitching smile. Sometimes, said his friend, sometimes she would come right onto the train!

"Better not tell your wife about it," his friend advised.

The engineer never did."

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Christmas Gift

A Florida Folktale

retold by

S. E. Schlosser

"Away down South, an old custom dictates that if someone comes up to you on Christmas Day and says "Christmas gift" before y'all do, why y'all are obliged to give that person a present. Mind you, the custom does not say what sort of present y'all should give! But those of us who hail from the South consider ourselves to be gentlefolk. The gifts given and received in this manner are good enough to keep the custom alive and well.

Now, this is not to say that this custom does not have its drawbacks. Why, the Devil himself got a hold of the eastern coast of Florida in this manner! The Devil, being a canny fellow, knew that God was walking about Florida one Christmas Day, so he hid himself behind a stump. When the Lord came strolling by, the Devil jumped out real fast and said: "Christmas gift!" And the Lord, being as fine a Southern gentleman as you could meet, held up to his end of the custom and told the Devil, "You can have the east coast," and continued his stroll. So now the Devil plays hurricane games with the east coast of Florida whenever it pleases him."

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Advertisement : The Dog and the Ant

The Dog and the Ant

Once there was a dog and an ant. The dog was always messing with that ant because the ant wasn’t the dog’s size. So the ant ran away out of the yard so the dog couldn’t catch the ant. So then the dog followed the ant and started to mess with it even more so the ant was done with it and stood up to the dog and said, “stop messing with me because I’m not your size.” So the dog ran back to his yard and never messed with him ever again. The moral is don’t mess with someone who is not your size.

Zeus's Lovers

"Zeus, the father of gods and men, had a number of consorts before and after his marriage to Hera. His first lover was Metis, a Titan goddess and mother of Athena. He later married Themis, Titan goddess of tradition, with whom he had six children; the three Horai (Hours) and the three Moirai (Fates); according to some myths, the three Nymph (Nymphs) were also children of Zeus and Themis. Afterwards, he was interested in Demeter but she resisted him. His third wife was Mnemosyne, who gave birth to the nine Muses. He was involved withLeto shortly before his marriage to Hera, and had Apollo and Artemis with her. Even after his marriage to Hera, he continued sleeping with both goddesses and mortals. The following is an indicative list of characters that Zeus consorted with:

Zeus's Lovers Is also called Zeus Lovers.

See Also: Hera, Metis, Themis, Demeter, Mnemosyne, Leto, Europa, Io, Semele, Ganymede, Callisto, Dione, Persephone, Nemesis"

Zeus's problem

He had to pick a woman who he wanted to be with.
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Favorite Goddess

My favorite goddess is Hera because she is gorgeous, and she is powerful in her ways, but she was sweet also.
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Confucianism, is Ruism, a system of philosophical and ethical-sociopolitical teachings sometimes described as a religion.
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Taoism (Daoism) is a spiritual, philosophical and religious tradition of Chinese origin that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (Dao). Tao means "way", "path", or "principle" and it can be found in Chinese philosophies and religions other than Taoism.
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The parable I read was Luke 10:29-37 it was about spiritual guidance and i thought that this video went with it